1Cor 10:4                  The Rock that Followed Them                           5/16/2010      ßà   

  • Do Not Be Ignorant of This (1Cor 10:1-12, Ex 13:21, 14:21-22)

 

 

 

 

#1.       Under the Cloud (1Cor 10:1, Acts 1:11, Rev 1:7, 14:14-16, Matt 17:5, 24:30, 26:64)

 

 

 

 

  • And Through the Sea (1Cor 10:1, Ex 14:4, 21-23, 26-29)

 

 

 

 

#2.       Baptized into Moses (1Cor 10:2, Gal 4:21-31, Mark 4:33-34, Luke 12:50)

 

 

 

 

  • The Spiritual Meat (1Cor 10:3, John 6:27-35,37,43-51,53,63, 14:6)

 

 

 

 

  • The Spiritual Drink (1Cor 10:4, Ex 17:4-6, Num 20:7-11, Isa 8:14, Rom 6:9-10)

 

 

 

 

#3.       The Rock that Followed Them (1Cor 10:4,5,  Ex 17:5, 7:20, John 4:14, Rev 22:18-19, Matt 16:18-19)

 

 

Please open your Bibles to the First Epistle to the Corinthians, 1Cor 10:1 (2X). How did the apostle Paul arrive at this chapter? This was not thrown in arbitrarily. Paul laid down the principle in chapter 8:13 “If meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh.” This principle of self-denial was repeated in chap 9, where he stated, “Woe is unto me if I preach not the Gospel,” and thus he made the Gospel available without charge. In chap 10 the discussion of meat offered unto idols is again brought up, and this time the apostle warns the Corinthians against eating meat that was offered to devils. Even though you have been gifted with many spiritual gifts, look at Israel after the flesh, for they have also been favored with many spiritual gifts, and yet they fell into idolatry in a big way. And so, let us compare ourselves with Israel after the flesh. They are our examples that we should not fall where they have been already.

  • Do Not Be Ignorant of This (1Cor 10:1-12, Ex 13:21, 14:21-22)

1Co 10:1-12  Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

Under the cloud and through the sea.” This is a reference to the Red Sea crossing of the children of Israel. As you perhaps remember, the children of Israel had the personal protection from God for 40 years, from the time that they left Egypt until they arrived in the land of Canaan. We read in Ex 13:21,

Ex 13:21  And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

God Himself was manifested as a cloudy pillar by day or as a pillar of fire by night. We read in Ex 14:

Ex 14:21  And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

Ex 14:22  And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

And so, the children of Israel walked on dry ground. But when the army of the Egyptians tried to do the same, they all drowned in the Red Sea. Not one of them remained alive. Look at the sovereignty of God in action: God favored the nation of Israel, but God’s wrath rested on the Egyptians.

#1.       Under the Cloud (1Cor 10:1, Acts 1:11, Rev 1:7, 14:14-16, Matt 17:5, 24:30, 26:64)

Under the cloud and through the sea.” Most certainly this refers to the history of the Red Sea crossing, but what does it mean? It is mentioned so many times in the OT; there must be a spiritual meaning to it. When the Lord Jesus was taken into heaven, 40 days after His resurrection, a cloud received Him out of the sight of the disciples. Then the two angels who stood by said in Acts 1:11,

“Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.”

Then we read that Christ second coming is also with clouds. We read in Rev 1:7,

Re 1:7  Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

It seems as if the clouds indicate His majesty when He comes as the Judge of all the earth. And indeed this is what we are witnessing when He returns. God wrote in Rev 14:14-16,

Re 14:14-16  And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.

This is Christ harvesting all the saints for Himself, and simultaneously in the process of harvesting He is judging the unsaved by leaving them on the earth. Even when Christ is not judging we hear the Father speaking out of the cloud. On the Mount of Transfiguration the Father spoke, in Matt 17:5,

Mt 17:5  While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.

Christ comes with the clouds, and the Father spoke out of the cloud. Can we then say that the clouds of heaven represent the Judgment throne of God? And indeed that is so. We read in Matt 24:30,

Mt 24:30  And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

When the Lord Jesus stood for trial before the Sanhedrin, He said to the high priest, in Matt 26:64,

Mt 26:64  Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

And so, what does it mean that the children of Israel were “under the cloud and through the sea”? It means that they have been under the cloud; they have been under the judgment throne of Christ and they have been judged already. Christ has taken all the guilt of all their sins upon Himself, and now, in the person of Moses, He takes them through the Red Sea. And what is that a picture of?

  • And Through the Sea (1Cor 10:1, Ex 14:4, 21-23, 26-29)

Put a sticker here in 1Cor 10, and please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Exodus, Ex 14:4 (2X). The Red Sea is a picture of Hell. Look what it does. The children of Israel have been under the cloud, so the guilt of all their sins has been transferred to the Lord Jesus; they are not condemned to Hell. But the Egyptian army has not been before the judgment throne of Christ, and thus they all are drowned in the Red Sea. Not one of them escapes. Whenever God emphasized in the Bible that “not one of them escaped”, or “not one of them remained alive”, or “they let none of them remain or escape”, and so on, we know that God gave us a picture of the judgment on the last day. For example, the battle to take the city of Jericho, or the battle to take the city of Ai, are such cases where God is showing us a picture of the judgment on the last day. And likewise here at the Red Sea God is showing us a picture of God’s plan of redemption for those whom He favors and God’s condemnation to those whom He has rejected. This chapter in Exodus shows us the plan and purpose of God. Let us begin with Ex 14:4,

Ex 14:4  And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

And watch now the great deliverance. Drop down to verse 21. We read in Ex 14:21-23,

Ex 14:21-23 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

Not one of the Egyptian army stayed behind; so confident were they that they would have the victory. Let us now drop down to verse 26. We read in Ex 14:26-29,

Ex 14:26-29  And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them. But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

This is a picture of the cross of Calvary. Moses is here a picture of Christ. Moses walked in front of the children of Israel through the Red Sea. Moses was their leader and their representative before God. And thus Christ, represented by Moses, took all the guilt of their sins upon Himself and endured the equivalent of an eternity in Hell on the cross, which is pictured by Moses walking through the Red Sea, which represents Hell, and he came out of Hell at the other end. And the children of Israel walked upon dry ground; they did not suffer the torments of Hell; they were delivered from their enemies and from the condemnation that must come upon all mankind. That is a picture of our deliverance by Christ.

#2.       Baptized into Moses (1Cor 10:2, Gal 4:21-31, Mark 4:33-34, Luke 12:50)

The question is often brought up: Why introduce this parabolic level of meaning into this piece of history. The answer is threefold: First of all when we develop the correct spiritual picture we obtain a deeper insight into the words of Scripture. We do not memorize little bits of history like loose sand, but we obtain a coherent whole with the rest of the Bible, and when the Holy Spirit by grace gives us the interpretation of a historical event, it was God’s pleasure to make the Bible come alive before our eyes, and it keeps us interested to know more of these spiritual applications. Secondly, God gave us in Gal 4:21-31 an example of the spiritual application of Gen 16 and Gen 21 that is so awesome that I am continually amazed at the impact it has on my understanding of the covenant of grace and on the future of the nation of Israel. Now, we cannot develop a spiritual picture to that extent; it might be dangerous if we, in developing a parable, arrive at a new understanding of the doctrines that we have learned already But God’s ways are perfect, and thus we can totally trust His ways of spiritualizing a historical event. Thirdly, the Lord Jesus Himself spoke in parables, and thus we can expect that many OT passages are also historical parables, if we are willing to be led by the Holy Spirit. The Lord said in Mark 4:33-34, “And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear it. But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.” This is an amazing statement, and it tells us that there are many more spiritual applications that we have not discovered yet. But let us now get back to the storyline in 1Cor 10:2. Please return to 1Cor 10:2 (2X)

1Cor 10:2, “And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;” (Literally “into Moses”)

What does God mean by that? It certainly cannot mean immersion in water, for neither the pillar of cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, nor the walls of water of the Red Sea, has touched the children of Israel during this crossing of the Red Sea. But the Lord Jesus has given us another meaning of the word “baptism”, and it is the word “Washing.” We read in Luke 12:50,

Luke 12:50  But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!

The Lord is not referring to a second baptism by John the Baptist, but He is referring to a washing of sins, or a cleansing from sins He has to undergo when He will be crucified. We should read Lu 12:50 as:

Luke 12:50  But I have a washing to be cleansed with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!

On the cross, when He is enduring the equivalent of an eternity in Hell, He will be cleansed from all our sins. Likewise, the children of Israel were all baptized unto Moses, meaning they were washed into Christ, in the cloud, meaning they were judged by being in Christ when Christ was judged, and in the Sea, meaning that they were in Christ and with Christ when Christ was enduring the payment of Hell for them. This is why we had to develop the meaning of the words “baptized”, and “the cloud”, and the sea.” And so, the Red Sea crossing is mentioned so often in the OT because it is a picture of our salvation by being in Christ when He was crucified, and by being in Christ and with Christ when He endured Hell for us in our place, like Moses walked through the Red Sea, but we walked on dry ground.

  • The Spiritual Meat (1Cor 10:3, John 6:27-35,37,43-51,53,63, 14:6)

1Cor 10:3, “And did all eat the same spiritual meat;” What is this spiritual food that God is talking about?

It was the manna that dropped out of heaven six days per week, for 40 years. And even though this manna was physical food for the children of Israel, here in 1Cor 10:3 the Lord called it spiritual food. Why was it called spiritual food? Please turn in your Bibles to the Gospel According to John, John 6:27 (2X). Here is again a situation where the Lord forces us to consider another spiritual interpretation of a historical event. Historically the manna dropped out of heaven. Does anyone get saved by believing that? No! But where is the Gospel message of this historical event? The Lord said in John 6:27-35,

John 6:27-35 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent. They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work? Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

In verse 27 the Lord Jesus emphasized that we should strive to eat from the spiritual food that Christ shall give you, for this is the food that endures to everlasting life. And everlasting life is obtained when we believe on the Lord Jesus Christ whom the Father has sent. In other words, do not believe on another jesus, but on the Jesus whom the Father has sent. And when we believe on the Jesus who is described by the Bible, that is the work of God within us. That is the food that the manna represented. The manna was called bread from heaven. But the spiritual manna is the Bread of God which comes down from heaven and gives life unto the world. The spiritual manna is the Lord Jesus Christ, for He said, “I am the Bread of Life.” The manna that rained down out of heaven was a picture of Christ, who is really the bread out of heaven. Anyone who ate just manna died, but anyone who eats the heavenly Bread will live forever. Therefore the Lord emphasized that we should strive to eat from the spiritual food that only the Lord Jesus Christ can give us. And so, where can we find this spiritual food? John 6:43-51,

John 6:43-51 Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am that bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

And so, where can we find this spiritual food? We find it in the Lord Jesus Christ. He said, “I am that bread of life.” But then the Lord said also in John 6:44, “No man CAN come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him.” But who are the ones whom the Father will draw to the Lord Jesus? We read that in John 6:37, where the Lord Jesus said, “All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.” All that the Father has chosen unto salvation, all the elect, shall come to the Lord Jesus, because the Father draws them to Jesus. But why did the Lord Jesus say in verse 51, “the bread that I will give is my flesh.” Did the Lord encourage His disciples to commit cannibalism? We wonder. Stronger words yet did the Lord Jesus speak when He said in John 6:53, “Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.” Now, if we take this literally, then we have some clear contradictions in the Bible. On the one hand the Lord said in John 6:44 that salvation is totally free, for if you belong to those whom the father has chosen, then salvation is a free gift. On the other hand, in John 6:53 the Lord told us a works gospel. He said, “If you do not do this, if you do not labor to eat My flesh and drink My blood, you have no eternal life in you.” And so, what is going on? Obviously, the works-gospel has to go. The Lord Jesus Himself made this very clear. Please drop down to John 6:63 (2X). There the Lord Jesus said in clear terms, John 6:63, “It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.” The words that Christ spoke are in the Bible. The entire Bible consists of words that Christ spoke, for He is the Jehovah of the OT, and He is the one who spoke words to holy men of old, and they wrote these words in the Bible. Therefore, when we read and study the Bible, we are in fact eating of Christ and drinking His blood. When we have become saved, we have an urgent desire to read and study the Bible, for the Bible is called the Word of God, and the Lord Jesus Christ is also called the Word of God. This activity is not what saved us, but when we are saved this is what we like to do, for this is one of those things that is pleasing in His sight. Can we now see how great and intense the sin is of the Roman Catholic Church to hide the Bible from their members, or to teach them that they should not read the Bible on their own? By this action they have withheld salvation from millions of their members, and they have deliberately sent them to Hell, for the Lord Jesus said in John 14:6, “No man cometh unto the Father but by Me.” How can they come to Jesus if they do not know Him, or if they do not know what He has said? I can speak out of experience, for I have not even seen a Bible from the outside until I was 40 years old. It was then that the scales fell out of my eyes, and I could see clearly the evil intent of that organization. Let us now return to the First Epistle to the Corinthians, 1Cor 10:4 (2X).

  • The Spiritual Drink (1Cor 10:4, Ex 17:4-6, Num 20:7-11, Isa 8:14, Rom 6:9-10)

1Cor 10:4, And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

What was that spiritual drink? It was water out of a rock. Of course, this is impossible. You cannot get one drop of water out of a rock. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Exodus, Ex 17:4 (2X). The nation of Israel was encamped at Rephidim, and there was no water for the people to drink. And the people murmured against Moses. Even though they had seen how God saved them from dying of thirst many times, they still believed that this time they were going to die of thirst. We read in Ex 17:4-6 (2X),

Ex 17:4-6  And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me. And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

In other words, Moses had a representative in Horeb, and when Moses struck the rock at Rephidim, the Lord struck the rock at Horeb, and water flowed out of the rock at Rephidim, so that the people could drink. The reason why God made water flow out of the rock was that the rock represented Christ as the suffering servant of Jehovah. In this event Moses was a picture of the law of God. The law of God struck Christ on the cross, but the result was that abundant water of the Gospel flowed out of Christ, since He was crucified in our place, and our sins were forgiven. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Numbers, Num 20:7 (2X). There was a second time that Moses struck the rock, and again water flowed out in abundance. This time the people were camped at Kadesh, and again there was no water for the congregation, and the people murmured against Moses and Aaron. Then we read in Num 20:7-11,

Num 20:7-11  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink. And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him. And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.

This time Moses was disobedient, and Moses struck the rock twice. But the word “rock” in both instances was not the same Hebrew word for rock. Yes, this Rock was again representing the Lord Jesus Christ, but almost everything else in this event at Kadesh stands in sharp contrast to the previous event in Rephidim. First of all, this event at Kadesh occurred about 40 years later. The children of Israel were nearing the end of their wilderness wanderings. The older generation that walked out of Egypt, from 20 years and older had died, and a new generation is now striving against Moses and Aaron. This new generation is even more rebellious than their fathers were. But there is more: In Numbers 20 God did not say that Moses was represented before the Rock in Horeb. Moreover, the Hebrew word for Rock is not the same word as that used in Ex 17. In Ex 17 the word for Rock is a sharp rock, having sharp edges, and it is used for example in Isa 8:14, where Christ is spoken of as “a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.” On the other hand, the word for rock in Num 20 is a rock that is high and lofty and it is a stronghold of Jehovah. Whereas the rock in Ex 17 represents Christ as the crucified One, so in contrast the rock in Num 20 represents Christ in His exalted state in Heaven, after His crucifixion. Therefore in Num 20:8 Moses was not commanded to strike the Rock, but to speak to the Rock; just like we are now commanded to pray to God. In Ex 17 only the "elders of Israel" witnessed the smiting of the Rock, just like during and after the crucifixion of Christ only His Disciples were aware that their Lord and Savior had been smitten of God and afflicted for their transgressions. But in Num 20:8 Moses was commanded to gather the assembly together, just like we are now commanded to gather the assembly together on Sundays, and to pray to God. Therefore, what conclusion do we draw from these comparisons? The rock must not be smitten a second time. The Rock may not be smitten a second time, because that would spoil the shadow of the cross that was given in Ex 17, and God is very jealous of the various pictures of Christ's Atonement that He has given us throughout the Bible. God says in Rom 6:9-10,

Rom 6:9-10  Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.

#3.       The Rock that Followed Them (1Cor 10:4,5,  Ex 17:5, 7:20, John 4:14, Rev 22:18-19, Matt 16:18-19)

What was the rock that followed them? It was not a rock. It was Christ who followed them. 1Cor 10:4,

1Cor 10:4, And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

In other words, it was not a physical rock representing Christ that followed them, but it was Christ Himself who followed them and on two occasions Christ manifested Himself as a Rock. And thus it is important to see that the exodus of the nation of Israel was a picture of what salvation is. It was just a picture. They were not all elect, because God says in 1Cor 10:5: "with most of them God was not well pleased". Likewise, the Rock was a picture of Christ, who had to be smitten by the law of God, which was represented by Moses. The Law of God inflicted Judgment on the Lord Jesus. What did Moses have in his hand? Please turn back to Ex 17:5, where God commanded Moses: "Take in thine hand thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river". Which river? It was the Nile River. We read in Ex 7:20,

Ex 7:20   Moses lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.

What does blood signify? Blood is a sign of Judgment! Christ, who was represented by the Rock,

had to be judged by the Law of God. The smiting of the Rock at Rephidim in Ex 17 was a picture of the Atonement of the Lord Jesus Christ. And so, what were the consequences of Moses smiting the Rock at Rephidim? Physically, water came out abundantly out of the Rock at Rephidim. But that was only a shadow of the spiritual water that came out of the Lord Jesus Christ as a result of His Crucifixion. What is that water a picture of? It is the water of the Gospel, the words of God who is able to transform a human soul unto salvation by the power of His Holy Spirit. The Lord Jesus said to the Samaritan woman

John 4:14  Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

The Bible calls this “living water.” The water that flowed from the Rock in Rephidim was a picture of the Gospel preached to all the Israel of God, because in 1Cor 10:4 we read that "all did drink the same spiritual drink". Can you see that God puts us also to the test? Will we be faithfully comparing Scripture with Scripture so that we come to understand God's Word beyond the external, historical framework of the Bible. It is so easy, but so carnal, to read the Bible as just a historical book, but then it is no longer different from any other book. And that is not why God wrote the Bible. God wrote the Bible to bring us salvation. Therefore salvation is the focus of all the Scriptures, both in the O.T. and in the N.T.

And when we think of Christ as a Rock, think of it in these terms: #1. A Rock is unmoveable. And likewise Christ as the Word of God is immutable; He does not change and it cannot be changed. God does not change the words of the Bible and man is not allowed to change it. And if we try to change it, the penalty of condemnation in Hell is our reward, according to Rev 22:18-19. #2. Christ is not Petros, but Christ is Petra. We read for example in Matt 16:18-19,

Matt 16:18-19  And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter (Petros), and upon this rock (Petra, pointing to Himself) I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall having been bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall having been loosed in heaven.

The meaning of Petra can be seen in the land of the Moabites, and later it became the land of the Nabataeans, where an entire city has been carved out of a rock. That is the city of Petra. On the other hand, Petros means a stone, not a huge Rock. And so, when we look at this sermon in perspective, we see that God says to us, “I want that you should not be ignorant about this, brethren, that the children of Israel who came out of Egypt, and who were endowed with many spiritual gifts, committed idolatry in spite of all the things that they received from God. And so, You should also be aware that you can commit idolatry as well. Make sure that you have your concepts of God and Christ correct according to the Bible, for there in the concepts of God and of Christ is you gravest danger of idolatry.

AMEN.                 Let us turn to the Lord in prayer.