2Chron 6:18 The Temple 3/2/2014
#1. The Old Testament Temple (1Chron 17:4,11-14, 28:2-3,6-7)
#2. The New Testament Temple (Acts 2:38-39)
#3. The Heavenly Temple (Rev 15:5)
Please open your Bibles to the Prophecy of First Chronicles, chapter
17. Today I will preach about the
Temple. When you think of the Temple,
the first thing that comes to your mind is that beautiful building that was
constructed under the direction of King Solomon in Jerusalem. In the year 967 BC the foundation of the
temple was laid. Seven years later the
building was finished, and it was inaugurated with great festivities. King Solomon was very rich. The animals that were sacrificed were 22,000
oxen and 120,000 sheep. With such a
great heritage from David and Solomon, how could this kingdom ever cease to
exist? But it did cease to exist. First, after the death of Solomon the kingdom
was divided into
Did you know that Solomon's
What about the Ark of the Covenant? When the Babylonians were plundering the
Who was Zerubbabel? Zerubbabel was
a grandson of king Jehoiachin, who was taken as a captive to
In about 20 BC Herod the Great, the Herod who murdered the babies in
Bethlehem, wanted to get in favor with the Jews, who resented that he was a
descendent of Esau. Herod proposed to
build a very nice building around Zerubbabel's temple. The Jews agreed, provided that it would not
interrupt any of the
#1. The Old Testament Temple (1Chron 17:4,11-14, 28:2-3,6-7)
King David eagerly desired to build this temple. But God sent the prophet Nathan to David with a message. God says here in 1Chron 17:4,
1Chron 17:4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt NOT build me an house to dwell in:
David was not allowed to build the
1Chron 17:11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom.
1Chron 17:12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever.
1Chron 17:13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee:
1Chron 17:14 But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.
Did you notice how God emphasized that David's descendant would be reigning forever? Three times in this passage does God emphasize the word “forever.” Does this point to Solomon? NO! Please turn in your Bibles to 1Chron 28. Solomon's kingdom fell apart because he was not loyal to Jehovah his God. But God was pointing to the Lord Jesus Christ, who also is a descendant of David. Christ is the only one who is reigning forever. David did not hear that. We have perfect hindsight because we have all the information, but David thought that God was speaking about Solomon. You can see that from David's words in 1Chron. 28:2:
1Chron 28:2 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building:
1Chron 28:3 But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
And now drop down to verses 6 and 7,
1Chron 28:6 And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
1Chron 28:7 Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, IF he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day.
You see, this promise is conditional: "IF
he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day". But Solomon was not constant in doing the
commandments of the Lord, and therefore the Lord took away ten tribes from his
son Rehoboam. David did not know this. David instructed Solomon to build the
This was the space where the Ark of the Covenant was stored, and it was closed off by a heavy curtain from the Holy place, where only the priests may come. No one was allowed to look behind that curtain. Only once a year, on the Day of Atonement, the High Priest was allowed to come behind that veil with burning incense and with the blood of a bullock, and with the blood of a goat. The High Priest must sprinkle the blood with his finger on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat on the ground seven times. Then the High Priest left the Holy of Holies and no one was allowed behind the veil until the following year on the Day of Atonement.
Please turn one page to your right to 1Chron 29:1. What was this Ark of the Covenant? The Ark of the Covenant was a wooden box, 2½
cubits long, 1½ cubits wide, and 1½ cubits high, overlaid with gold. This box was covered by a piece of gold, 2½
cubits long, 1½ cubits wide; which was called the mercy seat. The mercy seat and the two cherubim on top of
the mercy seat were made of one piece of gold (One God). Inside the Ark of the Covenant were a pot with
manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the two stone tables, on which were
written, with the finger of God, the Ten Commandments that Moses brought down
Thus, the entire Ark of the Covenant was symbolizing Christ, who made a Covenant with those whom He was going to save from Hell. The Lord Jesus Christ is that Covenant God. Now we read in 1Chron 29:1:
1Chron 29:1 Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for the LORD God.
The temple was built to house the Ark of the Covenant. This applied especially to the Holy of Holies,
the inner chamber, where the
2Chron 6:18, But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house which I have built!
Solomon knew very well that you cannot put God in a box. But God promised to be present in that Holy of Holies in a special way. Therefore, that temple was, first of all, a dwelling place for God. Now, look again at the picture of the concentric spheres. And please turn to your left to 2Chron 2:4. What was the purpose of the building surrounding the Holy of Holies? It was:
Solomon expressed it very well in 2Chron 2:4, where we read:
2:4 Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it
to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual
shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Sabbaths,
and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is
an ordinance forever to
The one thing that stands out is that this
David was a picture of Christ. David was not permitted to build the
#2. The New
When we read the Old Testament it gives us more than just the history of the Jews. The Old Testament was written to provide us with pictures and analogies of New Testament truths. For example, David and Solomon were pictures of the Lord Jesus Christ before the cross, and God the Holy Spirit after the cross. David and Solomon were the shadow, but Christ and the Holy Spirit are the substance. The Old Testament Temple was only a shadow. The New Testament Temple is the real thing. That is why God took away the Old Testament Temple soon after Christ went back to heaven. Please turn with me to the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2.
The New Testament Temple was born on the streets of
Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized (washed) every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
As many as the Lord our God shall call, to them is the promise of the remission of sins made, even to all that are afar off. God is referring here to US, who were not only afar off in distance, but also afar off in time. All those “whom the Lord our God shall call,” are all those who hear the Lord's effectual call through the words of the Gospel that is preached into our ears, shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. In other words, they shall receive the presence of the Holy Spirit, at the moment that God shall wipe away their sins. “As many as the Lord our God shall call” also means that not everybody in the world is called, but only those who are among God's elect; only those whom God chose from before the foundation of the world. These are the only ones whom God intended to save and these are the only ones who will be saved.
Pentecost was the day when the Holy Spirit started to build the New Testament Temple which Christ had so diligently prepared for. Please turn to 1Cor 6:19. What is the New Testament Temple? Think again of the two concentric spheres, which symbolized the Old Testament Temple. Again the two concentric spheres symbolize the New Testament Temple. The inner sphere represents the souls of those whom God has saved, and who become indwelt by God the Holy Spirit. They are:
When Peter said in Acts 2:38, "ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost", he was indicating that our souls have become the dwelling place for God Himself. But God said in 2Chron 6:18:
2Chron 6:18 “But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee”, how then shall He dwell in a human soul?
We do not know the answer to this question. God is omnipresent. All we know is that God promised to dwell within us in a special way. God says:
2Chron 6:19 What? Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?
In this verse God extends His presence to the body. But in harmonizing this with other Scriptures we know that this must refer to the soul that is in our body. The body is dead because of sin. (Rom 8:10) Nevertheless we are commanded to serve God with our body and soul, with our whole being. Please return with me to the Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians, chapter 6. God draws a parallel between the Old Testament Temple and the New Testament Temple. Think of the concentric spheres. We are now dealing with the inner sphere, which is not visible from the outside. God says in 2Cor 6:16,
2Cor 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? For ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
We are called the
Do not let anyone tell you that God's Holy Spirit will be taken out of
our midst. That person claims to be
wiser than God. But what does it mean
that we are a dwelling place for the Lord? Do we then also dwell in Him? The Lord Jesus answers this question in John
14:20, where He says: “At that day
ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you”. “Ye in Me and I in you”. That is the special relationship that we have
in Him. Please turn to Paul's Epistle
to the Ephesians, chapter 2. Again
and again, God speaks about the New Testament Temple as His personal dwelling
Eph 2:20, And (ye) are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
Eph 2:20, In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:
God had planned this all along that Christ would be the chief cornerstone
of this spiritual building, which is called “An holy
3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he
shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the
name of the city of my God, (
which is) new Jerusalem, which
cometh down out of heaven from my God, and ( I will write upon him)
my new name.
I have skipped the italics; they are not in the original. In all these passages we have been talking
about the inner sphere of the two concentric spheres. Now what about the outer sphere? Christians flock together, like birds flock
together. In the Old Testament system
the Synagogues were the extension of the
The Christian churches adopted essentially the same pattern of worship as
it was in the Synagogues, and it is still in that form today in our place of
worship. Please turn with me to the First
Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians, chapter 3. The outwardly visible New Testament Temple of
God was and is the local church, where people gather to worship and serve the
Lord Jesus Christ. This is the outwardly
I say outward because, false teachers cannot touch the inner sphere of
the New Testament Temple, which represents the dwelling place of God in the
hearts or souls of those who became saved. But false teachers can infiltrate the outer
sphere, the external
1Cor 3:17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
This refers to the external
2Thes 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
This passage says that Satan will be ruling in the congregations, so that
he will be worshipped as god. Therefore,
the closer we get to the second coming of the Lord Jesus, the more we should be
on our guard for false gospels that creep into the church. Even today, there are many well meaning
Christians who have believed the lie that God has withdrawn His Holy Spirit out
of the church, and so they are leaving, in droves, good churches where they
have been solidly taught in the Word of God.
They are following the teachings of a man, and they are not studying the
Word of God carefully. They do not see
that harmonizing the Scriptures proves the existence of an external church and
an eternal church, and the Scriptures prove the existence of an
In summary then: The Old Testament Temple has been replaced by a New Testament Temple which is symbolized by these two concentric spheres. The inner sphere consists of the souls of those who have been born again and serves as a dwelling place for the Lord. The outer sphere, the external temple, also known as the external church, has a task to also serve the Lord in bringing glory to His name. Now, there is one more Temple that we must look at:
#3. The Heavenly Temple (Rev 15:5)
Please turn to the Revelation of Jesus Christ, chapter 15. Before I am going to read Rev 15, I
want to make this statement: Christ is
not a shadow; Christ is the substance. Therefore,
the Ark of the Covenant was a shadow of Christ. The Holy of Holies, in the
Revelation 15:5 And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in
heaven was opened:
What is the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven? The testimony was known as the two tables of
the Ten Commandments. But since the two
tables were also called the tables of the Covenant, and the two tables were
almost always in the Ark of the Covenant, the Ark of the Covenant was also
known as the testimony. We find in Ex
38:21, and in Num 1:50 and 53, and in Num 10:11 the
expression “the tabernacle of the testimony”, which refers to the tent where
the Ark of the Covenant was kept. But
the earthly tabernacle came to an end, and the earthly
Revelation 15:6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles.
Revelation 15:7 And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever.
These seven angels were actually seven saints in heaven. Beginning in Rev 21:9 one of these seven saints talked with John, and made himself known. He said, “I am thy fellow servant and of thy brethren the prophets”. These seven saints were given the task to bring the last seven plagues during the Final Tribulation Period on this earth. But then we read about a strange event in verse 8:
Rev 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.
This seems to be very troubling news, that “no man was able to enter into
the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled”. Does this mean that during this period of time
no one on earth could become saved? No! That cannot mean that. We have to look in a different
direction. Look at the word “smoke”. This Greek word for smoke occurs thirteen
times in the New Testament and it always refers to the wrath of God and the
judgment of God. But at what point in
history will the
Has this anything to do with the glory of God? Definitely! Christ's atonement for our sins was to the glory of God, because when Christ saved us we were helpless sinners. “When we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly”. (Rom 5:6) If we could have given God a helping hand, we would have shared the glory with God. We would have shared the glory of our salvation. But that was not the case. All the glory goes to God, and He alone has all the power to save. Therefore, all those for whom Christ suffered and died were represented by and in the Temple, and no other man was able to enter into the Temple, because no one else wants to be saved under these conditions, and no one else will be saved, because God saves us by drawing us. This situation will remain as it is until the end of time has come. Now I would like you to look at the beginning of this chapter, where we see:
Rev 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.
Rev 15:2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.
Rev 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
Rev 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? For thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.
They sing the Song of Moses. They are praising God for having saved them entirely by His grace. They sing, “Just and true are Thy ways”. Praise God that He is just. God does not forgive sinners by waving His hand, but by having Christ to pay for the sins of all those whom He has chosen to save. That is expensive. And that is security! Does Christ dwell in our soul? Does He dwell in your soul? How do we know if Christ has paid for all our sins in AD 33? Let me list some evidences, by which we can examine ourselves, to see if God has saved us. For example:
1. Do we have a great need to hear the Word of God again and again? Does it become boring?
2. Do we have a great need to be in fellowship with the saints? Or do they seem to be stupid?
3. Do we have a great need to pray to God and to sing of His glory? Does this sound like music?
4. Do we have a great desire to be obedient to the Word of God? Or is the law of God boring?
Can we see by our answers to these questions if we have been purchased
through the blood of Christ, for the natural man does not have any one of these
desires. This means that we cannot lose our salvation, because we have been purchased
with a great price. God will not
squander away such an expensive possession.
The hymn we are going to sing, # 469, reminds us of this