Amos 9:12                All the Heathen Which Are Called by My Name          3/29/2009      ßà   

 

 

 

#1.       Who Are Called by My Name? (2Chron 7:14, Isa 49:3, Matt 2:14-15, Hos 11:1, Isa 43:6-7, Jer 15:16, Amos 9:12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#2.       The House Which Is Called by My Name (Jer 7:10,11,14,30, 32:34, 34:15, 1King 8:43)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#3.       How Shall We Know if We Are Called by His Name? (Matt 1:21, Rom 8:1-4)

 

 

 

 

 

Please open your Bibles to the Prophecy of Amos, Am 9:11 (2X). We are presently in that part of the Gospel of Matthew where the Lord Jesus has died. But before we move on to His resurrection I want to highlight some of the things that have changed since the time that the Lord Jesus died. If we want to understand the whole Bible correctly, then it is exceedingly important that we know of these changes. One of the absolute essentials concerning the death of Christ is the following question:

The Lord Jesus said in John 14:7, “No man cometh unto the Father, but by Me.” The meaning of this statement is absolutely true: “No man.” But before the Lord Jesus was born into this world many civilizations have come and died without ever having heard of the Lord Jesus Christ. What is to become of their souls? The answer is found in the words: “No man cometh unto the Father, but by Me.” It means that anyone who dies without ever having heard the Gospel of salvation through the Lord Jesus Christ cannot come into heaven. And the same applies to the barbarians of northern Europe and of Asia who did not hear of the Gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ until at least 500 years later. And so, the conclusion is that the Lord Jesus Christ did not suffer and die for everyone in this world. Who then did He die for? Now, that is the topic that I would like to preach today. We read in Amos 9:11-12,

Am 9:11-12  In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old: That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, saith the LORD that doeth this

Did you see those words in verse 12? “That they may possess the remnant of Edom”? This refers to the remnant of Esau. Esau was never saved. But that does not mean that all his descendants also must remain unsaved. Our God, who is rich in mercy, has mercy on a remnant of the descendants of Esau. Moreover, verse 12 also mentions, “All the heathen, which are called by my name.” Who are those? Let us see if we can work out this interesting question in this sermon. Therefore the title of the sermon today will be, All the Heathen Which Are Called by My Name (2X) Please turn in your Bibles to he Acts of the Apostles, Acts 15:13 (2X). These two interesting verses in Amos 9 have been quoted in Acts 15 by James, the Lord’s half brother, the son of Mary. After the Lord Jesus went back to heaven the first church in Jerusalem was headed by James, not Peter, but James. This was not the apostle James, the brother of John, for that James was beheaded by king Herod in Acts 12. During the first counsel that was held in Jerusalem circumcision of the Gentles was brought up for debate. After long deliberations and listening to Peter, and Paul, and Barnabas, then James made the final decision. He said in Ac 15:13

Ac 15:13-18  And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me: Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up: That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things. Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.

Did you notice, in verse 17 the words of Am 9:12 are repeated, “All the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called.” What does that mean? When we search out the precise meaning of the Greek text we find that primarily it could mean two things: #1, it could mean that the name of the Lord was preached to these Gentiles, or #2, it could mean that the name of the Lord is given to these Gentiles. From the context we can see that the second meaning must be the right interpretation: The name of the Lord was given to these Gentiles, since not all the Gentiles to whom the Gospel was preached believed. In fact, only a small number of them believed the Gospel. What was the name of the Lord that was given to these Gentiles? In Acts 11:26 we read, “And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.” They were called “Christians”, which means “Of the family of Christ.” They received the name of Christ.

Now we need to apply this conclusion to all the places where in the OT we find the expression “Called by My Name.” Please turn to the Prophecy of Second Chronicles, 2Chron 7:14 (2X).

#1.       Who Are Called by My Name? (2Chron 7:14, Isa 49:3, Matt 2:14-15, Hos 11:1, Isa 43:6-7, Jer 15:16, Amos 9:12)

This is a very familiar verse in 2Chron. After Solomon finished building the temple, and all his other building projects, the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream to give him support for all his works, and to give him warnings for the time when they shall fall away from the true Gospel. We read in 2Chron 7:14,

2Ch 7:14  If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.

What is meant by “my people, which are called by my name”? When we search out the Hebrew word for “called by My name”, which is “qara shem”, we find that it is primarily used for name calling. In other words, the beginning of 2Chron 7:14 states that the people of God carry God’s name. How can this be? God’s name is Jehovah, and the people’s name was at that time Israel. These were the children of Israel which were at that time called the nation of Israel. Has God perhaps adopted the name “Israel”? When we search the Bible, we find that this is indeed so. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Isaiah, Isa 49:3 (2X). We have in this 49th chapter of this prophecy the 8th Servant Song that we find in the prophecy of Isaiah. There are a total of 10 Servant Songs, the last one in Isa 53. But in chapter 49 we find that the first 10 verses make up the 8th Servant Song, and it is a song that entirely refers to the Lord Jesus Christ. We read in Isa 49:3, “And Jehovah said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.” This says plainly that Christ is called “Israel”. But if you still doubt that this is the right interpretation, then please turn to the Gospel According to Matthew, Matt 2:14 (2X). We have here the event of the flight of Joseph and Mary and the baby Jesus into Egypt, for Herod he king intended to kill the baby Jesus. Then we read in Matt 2:14-15,

Mt 2:14  When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:

Mt 2:15  And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.

Where is that found in the prophets, “Out of Egypt have I called my son”? We find in Hos 11:1,

Ho 11:1 ¶  When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

This verse does not refer to the nation of Israel which was taken out of Egypt at the time of the Exodus, but according to Matt 2:15 this refers to the Lord Jesus Christ, who is here called “Israel”. And so, we have double proof that the Lord Jesus is also called “Israel”. And thus, when we read in 2Chron 7:14, “my people, which are called by my name”, we must understand that Jehovah in 2Chron 7:14 gives Himself the name “Israel”. This also gives further support to the notion that the Lord Jesus Christ is Jehovah. And if Christ is called Israel, then all those who are “in Christ” are also called Israel. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Isaiah, Isa 43:6 (2X). This is the 4th Servant Song in Isaiah, and it is a song which refers to the church. God is addressing the church, meaning the body of saved people all over the world, whom He addresses in the beginning of this chapter as Israel, and then in verses 6 and 7 God declares that hey will be brought in from the ends of the earth. We read in Isa 43:6-7,

Isa 43:6-7  I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; Even every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

Who does God refer to in verse 7 when He says, “every one that is called by my name”? It means that every one who is truly saved is called Israel, which is also the name of Christ. To this the prophet Jeremiah testifies when He writes in Jer 15:16,

Jer 15:16  Thy words were found, and I did eat them; and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart: for I am called by thy name, O LORD God of hosts.

When Jeremiah says, “I am called by thy name, O LORD God of hosts”, Jeremiah does not refer to him being named “Jehovah of Hosts”, but to him bearing the name Israel. When we read in Amos 9:12All the heathen, which are called by my name”, we now understand that this refers to the remnant chosen by grace out of all the nations of the world, including the nation of Israel, and they all receive the name Israel, because they were and are “in Christ” from before the foundation of the world. Let us now look at a few examples of the word “Called” and see if we have used it properly.

It is the Hebrew word with Strong’s Concordance number <07121>, which occurs 689 times in the Bible. Obviously I am not going to show you a list of 689 verses. But let us just look at a few verses in the beginning and a few verses at the end of this list. You may want to follow me beginning in Gen 1:5, and then I will move on to the beginning of the end of this list in Zech 8:3. And let us see if this word indeed is used to call to someone with a name, or to call to give that person or thing a name.

Ge 1:5  And God called <07121> the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Ge 1:8  And God called <07121> the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

Ge 1:10  And God called <07121> the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called <07121> he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

Ge 2:19  And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call <07121> them: and whatsoever Adam called <07121> every living creature, that was the name thereof.

And now we turn to the Prophecy of Zechariah chapter 8, near the end of the OT.

Zec 8:3  Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called <07121> a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain.

Zec 11:7  And I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the one I called <07121> Beauty, and the other I called <07121> Bands; and I fed the flock.

Zec 13:9  And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call <07121> on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God.

Mal 1:4  Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call <07121> them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.

From these examples we can conclude that the primary use of the word <07121> is indeed for calling out a name. And so we are on the right track. Please turn now in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Isaiah, Isa 65:1 (2X). We find here the words:

In this chapter 65 the Lord points to the nation of Israel as a nation to whom He has spread out His hands all the day, but they remained a rebellious people who walked after their own thoughts and not after the thoughts of God. And then God speaks of the heathen nations in Isa 65:1,

Isa 65:1 ¶  I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called <07121> by my name.

God says here that He was found by the heathen, a remnant from the nations of the world who formerly were not called by the name of Israel; a nation that did not labor to seek for Him, for God says in Rom 3:11, “There is none that seeketh after God.” God simply said to them, “Behold Me, Behold Me” and this was enough to draw them to the Lord Jesus Christ. Of course, God is speaking of the NT time when He will draw a remnant from all the nations of the world to the Lord Jesus. God uses similar language when He speaks of the Gentile world in Hos 1. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Hosea, Hos 1:6 (2X). In this chapter God uses the marriage of the prophet Hosea with his wife Gomer and her three children as a historical parable. It was historically true, but the spiritual meaning of all these historical events is the dominant theme of this chapter and of the following three chapters. Hosea plays the role of God, and Gomer plays the role of the harlot nation of Israel. We read in Hos 1:6,

Ho 1:6  And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call <07121> her name Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away.

Therefore, Loruhamah represents the house of Israel, referring to the northern kingdom of Israel as well as the southern kingdom of Judah, which will completely be taken away, first by the kingdom of Assyria, and thereafter by the kingdom of Babylon. But then God will have mercy on the house of Judah and rescue them from their bondage to Babylon. We read in Hos 1:7-9,

Ho 1:7-9  But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. Then said God, Call <07121> his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.

Now we are entering into the NT age. Lo Ammi is a picture of the remnant chosen by grace out of all the nation of the world. Initially we were all by nature the children of wrath, even as others. We were not His people, for we were under the wrath of God, and on the way to Hell, and this condition applies to Gentiles as well as those who were born as natural descendants of Jacob. We read in Hos 1:10,

Ho 1:10  Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people (Loammi), there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

The place where it was said to them” refers to the Bible. This is the place where it was said to them. There is no other place in the world that can fulfil this promise. When we have received our regenerated soul, God says to us here in the Bible, “Ye are the sons of the living God”. God says in Hos 2:23 (2X),

Ho 2:23  And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy (Ruhamah) upon her that had not obtained mercy (Loruhamah); and I will say to them which were not my people (Loammi), Thou art my people (Ammi); and they shall say, Thou art my God.

In other words, a remnant from the house of Israel, Loruhamah, as well as a remnant from the Gentile nations, Loammi, shall obtain mercy and shall be called the sons of the living God. We know that this is the right interpretation, for God says so in Rom 9. Please turn in your Bibles to the Epistle to the Romans, Rom 9:23 (2X). In this chapter of Romans God revealed His plan of salvation for mankind, and His plan entails that He has reserved for Himself vessels of mercy, and the rest of mankind He calls vessels of wrath. This is God’s plan. He is the infinitely wise God. This is the best plan He could have designed, for if there would have been a better plan, then God would not be infinitely wise. Rom 9:23-26,

Ro 9:23-26  And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Osee (Hosea), I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.

When God reveals to us that we are saved by grace, through the faith that He puts within us, and that He has made us children of the living God, then this prophecy from Hosea and from Rom 9 has found its fulfillment. Then the nation that was not called by My name from Isa 65:1 has been identified.

#2.       The House Which Is Called by My Name (Jer 7:10,11,14,30, 32:34, 34:15, 1King 8:43)

Please turn in your Bibles to the prophecy of Jeremiah, Jer 7:10 (2X). We now understand who the people are that are called by the name of God. They always refer to the remnant chosen by grace out of all the nations of the world. But what is “the house that is called by My name”? God is definitely referring to a building made by man; the temple in Jerusalem. We read in Jer 7:10-11,

Jer 7:10-11  And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations? Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen it, saith the LORD.

In verse 11 God emphasizes that this building was a house that was called by His name. And in verse 14 God compares this building with Shiloh. Shiloh was the name of a city which was abandoned after the Ark of the Covenant fell into the hands of the Philistines, which occurred through the sin of the priests of those days who used the Ark of the Covenant as a “good-luck-charm”. We read in Jer 7:14,

Jer 7:14  Therefore will I do unto this house, which is called by my name, wherein ye trust, and unto the place which I gave to you and to your fathers, as I have done to Shiloh.

At this time in history the nation of Judah had completely lost their proper mode of worship, and God was not pleased with their worship in the temple. We read in Jer 7:30,

Jer 7:30  For the children of Judah have done evil in my sight, saith the LORD: they have set their abominations in the house which is called by my name, to pollute it.

When we think of the name of the house which is called by the name of God, we must harmonize it with those that are truly worshipping there. And certainly there will always be a remnant chosen by grace from Israel who will worship there. And since God’s name is Israel, it stands to reason that this building, the temple in Jerusalem, should be called “the glory of Israel”. And this does not refer to the apostate part of Israel, but to the Israel of God, those who are truly saved. This conclusion is also borne out by the prayer of Solomon. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of First Kings, 1King 8:43 (2X). In this chapter we read about the dedication of the new Temple in Jerusalem, and Solomon delivered the prayer of dedication. We read there in 1King 8:43,

1Ki 8:43  Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee

for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as do thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.

This house serves to be to the glory of God, and thus the name God refers to must be related to “The glory of Israel”. We arrive to the same conclusions when we see another edifice which man has made.

Let us return to the Prophecy of Jeremiah. Please turn to the Prophecy of Jeremiah, Jer 25:29 (2X). In this chapter God pictures the end of the world. God says in verse 25, “And all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth.” Clearly the end of the world is in view. We read in Jer 25:29

Jer 25:29  For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.

What is the reason why God calls for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth? It is not because the calendar says that it is the time for judgment, but because the church has turned to other gods than the God of the Bible. Please turn in your Bibles to the Prophecy of Daniel, Dan 9:18 (2X). If the nations of the world have turned to other gods, that is expected. If the heathen still worship their idols, that is nothing new; they have been doing that for many thousands of years. But if the people that are called by God’s name are turning to other gods, and are holding on to works gospels that cannot save, and are defiling the temple of God which had as its purpose the glory of Israel, then the end of the world is near. The first time this occurred God gave the nation a second chance. In Dan 9:18-19 we read a part of Daniel’s prayer, where Daniel realized that the destruction of Jerusalem was brought about by the apostacy of the nation of Judah. We read in Dan 9:18-19,

Da 9:18-19  O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies. O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.

Both the city and the people are “Called by Thy Name”. And thus we conclude that the city which is called by thy name has as its name: “The Glory of Israel”.

Please turn in your Bibles to the prophecy of Deuteronomy, Deut 21:8 (2X). It is commonly understood in most churches that whenever the OT speaks of Israel, it must refer to the entire nation of Israel, all the descendants of Jacob. But from what we have learned so far in this study of who the people are who are “Called by Thy Name”, it seems that we need to make a correction there. Let us learn from the compassion of Moses for his people, the descendants of Jacob. But let us also learn that these words were crafted by God, and thus they are full of meaning. We read in Deut 21:8,

De 21:8  Be merciful, O LORD, unto thy people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed, and lay not innocent blood unto thy people of Israel’s charge. And the blood shall be forgiven them.

Here is the answer to our question: “Thy people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed”, can only refer to those within the nation of Israel who belong to the elect of God, the remnant chosen by grace. At the time the nation of Israel went out of Egypt this was a very small number, for we read in Heb 3 that most of them died in unbelief. Please turn in your Bibles to the Second Prophecy of Samuel, 2Sam 7:24 (2X). Again, God tells us here in 2Sam 7:24 that we must not refer to the entire nation when we see the name Israel in the OT, for that will not fit the description God gave of those who are called Israel. We have here a prayer of David concerning Israel. We read in 2Sam 7:24,

2Sa 7:24  For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.

The specification “for ever” can only refer to the elect of God. And so, when we read the OT we should be aware that in many places the name Israel can only refer to a small fraction of Israel, the small group of saints who belong to the elect of God.

#3.       How Shall We Know if We Are Called by His Name? (Matt 1:21, Rom 8:1-4)

Please turn to our last reference, the Epistle to the Romans, Rom 8:1 (2X). Most of us know what God says in Matt 1:21. God says there,

Mt 1:21  And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

This verse does not say, “He shall save His people from Hell”, although that is implied. This verse says, “He shall save His people from their sins”. In other words, He shall break the power that sin has over us, with the result that sin has no more the attraction that it had before we were saved. It does not mean that we become sinless, for that is an impossibility. But the result is that we no longer walk after the flesh, but after the Spirit. This is also what we read in Rom 8:1-4,

Ro 8:1 ¶  There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

Ro 8:2  For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

Ro 8:3-4  For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

This is our new lifestyle: “We, who are called by His name, walk no longer after the flesh, but after the Spirit”.

AMEN.                        Let us turn to the Lord in prayer.