Golgotha                                                       12/28/2008    ßà   

Mt 27:33  And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

Mr 15:22  And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.

Joh 19:17  And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called (the place) of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:



The common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is interpreted by the evangelists as meaning "the place of a skull" #Mt 27:33 Mr 15:22 Joh 19:17 This name represents in Greek letters the Aramaic word Gulgaltha, which is the Hebrew Gulgoleth #Nu 1:2, 1Ch 23:3,24, 2Ki 9:35 meaning "a skull." It is identical with the word Calvary (q.v.). It was a little knoll rounded like a bare skull. It is obvious from the evangelists that it was some well-known spot outside the gate (comp.) #Heb 13:12 and near the city #Lu 23:26 containing a "garden" #Joh 19:41 and on a thoroughfare leading into the country. Hence it is an untenable idea that it is embraced within the present "Church of the Holy Sepulchre." The hillock above Jeremiah’s Grotto, to the north of the city, is in all probability the true site of Calvary. The skull-like appearance of the rock in the southern precipice of the hillock is very remarkable. However, nowhere in Scripture is it recorded that the cross of Jesus was erected on a hilltop. In fact, when we consider that the Lord Jesus was crucified with the cross flat on the ground, and then this cross was dragged to a hole in the ground, and then the cross was dropped in this hole, it is unlikely that this hole was on top of a small hill. It is much more likely that the cross was erected on a plain and that this place was called the place of a skull, since it was the place of death.


1115 golgoya Golgotha gol-goth-ah’

of Aramaic origin, cf 01538 atlglg; ; n pr loc

AV-Golgotha 3; 3

Golgotha =" skull"

1) the name of a place outside Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; so called, apparently because its form resembled a skull


01538 tlglg gulgoleth gul-go’-leth

by reduplication from 01556, Greek 1115 golgoya; TWOT-353L; n f

AV-poll 7, scull 2, every man 2, head 1; 12

1) head, poll, skull

1a) skull

1b) head, poll (of census)


01556 llg galal gaw-lal’

a primitive root; TWOT-353; v

AV-roll 9, roll ... 3, seek occasion 1, wallow 1, trust 1, commit 1, remove 1, run down 1; 18

1) to roll, roll away, roll down, roll together

1a) (Qal) to roll

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to roll up

1b2) to flow down

1c) (Pilpel) to roll

1d) (Poal) to be rolled

1e) (Hithpoel) to roll oneself

1f) (Hithpalpel) to roll oneself

1g) (Hiphil) to roll away


Ex 16:16  This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man <01538>, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.

Ex 38:26  A bekah for every man <01538>, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.

Nu 1:2  Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls <01538>;

Nu 1:18  And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls <01538>.

Nu 1:20  And the children of Reuben, Israel’s eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls <01538>, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

Nu 1:22  Of the children of Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number of the names, by their polls <01538>, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

Nu 3:47  Thou shalt even take five shekels apiece by the poll <01538>, after the shekel of the sanctuary shalt thou take them: (the shekel is twenty gerahs:)

Jud 9:53  And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech’s head, and all to brake his skull <01538>.

2Ki 9:35  And they went to bury her: but they found no more of her than the skull <01538>, and the feet, and the palms of her hands.

1Ch 10:10  And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head <01538> in the temple of Dagon.

1Ch 23:3  Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls <01538>, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.

1Ch 23:24  These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls <01538>, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.


#1.       Half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, Ex 38:26

The shekel of the sanctuary, or the Holy Shekel, indicates an exact shekel, “after the king’s weight.” Half a shekel is called a “bekah”, which literally means “a division.” A talent contained 3000 shekels. We must remember that this took place before any coins were minted. And thus the shekel was a certain weight of silver. But since it is called the shekel of the sanctuary, it has to be precisely one shekel, and the balance where this was weighed was in the sanctuary. The bekah was a payment for every man that was numbered, the same payment regardless of position or wealth, and it represented a token of the ransom for every skull of the children of Israel. Everyone needs to be ransomed out of the house of bondage, including women and children, but only the fighting men were required to bring the token of the ransom, because God is applying the principle of a “synecdoche”, where the fighting men are a representative of the whole. Only after the ransom is paid will God’s anger on all these people be satisfied. Again the ransom of entire nation of Israel is only a picture of God’s plan of salvation through the cross of Christ. In reality they were not truly saved, for God said in Heb 3 that most of them died in the wilderness because of unbelief.


And so we see that “A door of hope is opened where the wrath of God has been satisfied.”


#2.       The millstone upon Abimelech’s head, Jud 9:53

God’s wrath upon Abimelech, the son of Gideon, was prophesied by Jotham, his brother, for the evil that Abimelech has done by killing 70 of his brothers. Only after Abimelech’s skull was crushed, was God’s wrath satisfied. The result was a period of peace under Tola, for we read in Jud 10:1,

Jud 10:1,  And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.

Jud 10:1,   And after <0310> Abimelech <040> there arose <06965> (8799) to deliver <03467> (8687) Israel <03478> Tola <08439> the son <01121> of Puah <06312>, the son <01121> of Dodo <01734>, a man <0376> of Issachar <03485>; and he dwelt <03427> (8802) in Shamir <08069> in mount <02022> Ephraim <0669>.


Tola <08439> means “worm”, and it is the same word as <08438>, which means “scarlet worm.”

08438 elwt towla‘ to-law’ and (fem)  helwt towle‘ah to-lay-aw’ or  telwt towla‘ath to-lah’-ath or  telt tola‘ath to-lah’-ath

from 03216; TWOT-2516b; n m

AV-scarlet 34, worm 8, crimson 1; 43

1) worm, scarlet stuff, crimson

1a) worm-the female ‘coccus ilicis’

1b) scarlet stuff, crimson, scarlet

1b1) the dye made from the dried body of the female of the worm "coccus ilicis"

2) worm, maggot

2a) worm, grub

2b) the worm "coccus ilicis"


When the female of the scarlet worm species was ready to give birth to her young, she would attach her body to the trunk of a tree, fixing herself so firmly and permanently that she would never leave again. The eggs deposited beneath her body were thus protected until the larvae were hatched and able to enter their own life cycle. As the mother died, the crimson fluid stained her body and the surrounding wood. From the dead bodies of such female scarlet worms, the commercial scarlet dyes of antiquity were extracted.

      What a picture this gives of Christ, dying on the tree, shedding his precious blood that he might "bring many sons unto glory" (#Heb 2:10)! He died for us, that we might live through him! #Ps 22:6 describes such a worm and gives us this picture of Christ. (cf. #Isa 1:18) ( from page 73, "Biblical Basis for Modern Science," 1985, Baker Book House, by Henry Morris).

This is a nice story. However, we need to realize that this information did not come out of the Bible, and thus we may not use it to interpret Scripture. We may only use Scripture to interpret Scripture.


06312 hawp Puw’ah poo-aw’ or  hwp Puvvah poov-vaw’

from 06284; ; n pr m

AV-Puah 2, Pua 1, Phuvah 1; 4

Puah or Pua or Phuvah =" splendid"

1) son of Issachar

1a) also ‘Pua’ and ‘Phuvah’

2) man of Issachar, father of Tola, the judge of Israel after Abimelech


01734 wdwd Dowdow do-do’

from 01730; ; n pr m

AV-Dodo 5; 5

Dodo =" his beloved"

1) a man of the tribe of Issachar

2) a man of Bethlehem, father of Elhanan who was one of David’s 30 captains

3) an Ahohite, father of Eleazar, the second of the 3 mighty men who were over the 30


03485 rkvsy Yissaskar yis-saw-kawr’( strictly yis-saws-kawr’)

from 05375 and 07939, Greek 2466 Issacar;

AV-Issachar 43; 43

Issachar =" there is recompense"

n pr m

1) the 9th son of Jacob and the 5th by Leah his first wife and the progenitor of a tribe by his name

2) a Korahite Levite and the 7th son of Obed-edom and doorkeeper to the temple

n pr coll

3) the tribe descended from Issachar the son of Jacob

n pr loc

4) the territory allocated to the descendants of Issachar when they entered the land of Canaan


08069 rymv Shamiyr shaw-meer’

the same as 08068; n pr loc

AV-Shamir 3; 3

Shamir = "a point" or "thorn"

n pr loc

1) a town in the mountain district of Judah

2) a town in Ephraim where the judge Tola lived and was buried


08068 rymv shamiyr shaw-meer’

from 08104 in the original sense of pricking; TWOT-2416a; n m

AV-brier 8, adamant 1, adamant stone 1, diamond 1; 11

1) thorn(s), adamant, flint

1a) thorns, thorn-bushes

1b) adamant (as sharp)

1c) a sharp stone, flint

1c1) sharp as a diamond


0669 Myrpa ‘Ephrayim ef-rah’-yim

dual of 0672, Greek 2187 Efraim;  n pr m

AV-Ephraim 176, Ephraimite 4; 180

Ephraim =" double ash-heap: I shall be doubly fruitful"

1) second son of Joseph, blessed by him and given preference over first son, Manasseh

2) the tribe, Ephraim

3) the mountain country of Ephraim

4) sometimes used name for the northern kingdom (Hosea or Isaiah)

5) a city near Baal-hazor

6) a chief gate of Jerusalem


And thus, the spiritual meaning of Jud 10:1 can be stated as follows:

Christ (the scarlet worm),  the Son of David (Splendid), the Son of God (His Beloved), who dwelt in the head surrounded by the crown of thorns (the thorn) in the mountain of Ephraim (Double Ash-heap). Abimelech was not a picture of Christ, but when the wrath of God was satisfied (for now) on the skull of Abimelech, then good things came to pass, for peace with God reigned under Tola.


And so we see again that “A door of hope is opened where the wrath of God has been satisfied.”


#3.       The skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands, 2Ki 9:35

Ahab and Jezebel conspired to murder Naboth, because they wanted to possess Naboth’s vineyard. Then God sent Elijah the Tishbite to Ahab to tell him of the Lord’s anger against him. We read in:

1Ki 21:21  Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel,

1Ki 21:22  And will make thine house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and made Israel to sin.

1Ki 21:23  And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel.

1Ki 21:24  Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat.

This prophecy was fulfilled when God made Jehu king of Israel, and Jehu carried out the sentence of God concerning the house of Ahab and Jezebel. Jehu commanded two eunuchs to cast Jezebel out of a window, and then he went to eat. Sometime later he searched for her and this is what he found.

2Ki 9:35  And they went to bury her: but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands.

2Ki 9:36  Wherefore they came again, and told him. And he said, This is the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel:

2Ki 9:37  And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say, This is Jezebel.

Only after Jezebel was killed and eaten by dogs was God’s wrath satisfied, for the time being. And for a period of time there was peace in Israel toward God, for Jehu had killed all the descendants of Ahab and Jezebel, and rooted out the worship of Baal.


And so we see again that “A door of hope is opened where the wrath of God has been satisfied.”


#4.       The Wrath of God on the Skull of Saul, 1Chron 10:10, 13-14.

Saul was the first king in the nation of Israel, and he was an unsaved man. Saul reigned in Israel for 40 years. Initially he started out as a humble man, and then the Lord helped him, for he was a farmer’s boy and he needed a great deal of wisdom so that he could rule Israel and could successfully fight the Philistines. But as time went on Saul showed more and more that he was a wicked man, and God withdrew His assistance to Saul. One consuming goal that Saul had was to kill David. Since David was a man after God’s own heart and since David was a type of the Lord Jesus Christ, Saul was a type of Satan, for one consuming goal of Satan was to kill the Lord Jesus as soon as he was born. And like Satan was mortally defeated in his efforts to bring Jesus to the cross, so Saul was killed by the Philistines because he diverted part of his efforts to pursue after David instead of pursuing after the Philistines. Saul degraded himself so far that he went to ask counsel from a woman who was a fortune teller, a psychic. Then came the final battle of Saul and his army against the Philistines and their armies, and Saul died. We read in 1Chron 10:10, “And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head <01538> in the temple of Dagon.” This was the ultimate humiliation for the nation of Israel. They decapitated Saul and his three sons, and they fastened the skull, Gulgoleth, of Saul in the temple of their god Dagon. And the word that was translated “fastened” actually means, “to blow” or “to strike.” In other words, the skull of Saul was nailed to the wall, or to a wooden post, in the temple of Dagon. Here is where God used the ugly word Gulgoleth, or “skull”, to indicate a principle that also applies to the word Golgotha in the case of the Lord Jesus Christ. Saul was not a picture of Christ, but his skull represented the place where the wrath of God fell, for all the sins of Saul. But then, something good flows out of all this. We read in 1Chr 10:13-14

1Ch 10:13-14  So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

And so, the kingdom was turned unto David, the son of Jesse. But this could not come to pass until the wrath of God was poured upon the skull of Saul. This, which God calls something good, could not come until the wrath of God was appeased. This is why God used the word skull, Gulgoleth.


And so, here is the principle: “A door of hope is opened where the wrath of God has been satisfied.”