Isa 53:12              Because He Poured Out His Soul Unto Death                10/18/2009    ßà   

  • Therefore (Isa 53:1-12)

 

 

 

 

#1.       I Will Divide to Him With the Many (Isa 53:12, Matt 28:18, Eph 1:3-6, Rom 9:23-24)

 

 

 

 

  • He Shall Divide the Spoil With the Strong (Isa 53:12, Col 2:14-15)

 

 

 

 

#2.       Because He Poured Out His Soul Unto Death (Isa 53:12, Luke 3:16, 12:50)

 

 

 

 

  • He Was Numbered With the Transgressors (Isa 53:12, Mark 15:27-28)

 

 

 

 

#3.       He Bare the Sin of Many (Isa 53:12,4)

 

 

 

 

  • He Interceded for Transgressors (Isa 53:12, 2Pet 1:21, 2Thess 1:8)

 

 

 

Please open your Bibles to the Prophecy of Isaiah, Isa 53:1 (2X). I promised to take you through every verse of Isa 53 whenever we have a Lord’s Supper Sunday. As you can see, we have arrived at the last verse in this chapter. Let us remind ourselves of the context, and let us read all the way from the beginning of this chapter. We read here of the suffering and death of the Lord Jesus Christ in great detail. Between the lines, and especially in verse 12, we read of His resurrection from the dead.

  • Therefore (Isa 53:1-12)

Isa 53:1-12 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed? For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Verse 12 starts with the word “Therefore”. Why is the word “therefore” there for? It means that all the verses that define the context, all the way back to Isa 52:7, are leading up to the conclusion of Isa 53:12. It means that the suffering and death of Messiah, the Son of David, has been expected a long time before. And now that Isaiah wrote this scroll it would still take another 700 years before Messiah would be born. And all the details about His life, written in this part of the scroll, would become reality. He would be scourged, for “With His stripes we are healed”. He was taken from prison, and was denied a fair judgment. He was executed as a common criminal, but not for his own transgression, for He bore vicariously the transgressions of His people, His elect. He was executed together with the wicked, but He was not buried together with the other criminals, but He was buried in a rich man’s tomb. And then we need to take the last three verses together, for these verses speak of the doctrine of making His soul a guilt offering on behalf of His people whom He came to save, His elect. That is why the title of this sermon is, Because He Poured Out His Soul Unto Death (2X), He vicariously suffered on behalf of others whose sins He came to pay. And therefore:

#1.       I Will Divide to Him With the Many (Isa 53:12, Matt 28:18, Eph 1:3-6, Rom 9:23-24)

Isa 53:12, Therefore will I divide him (a portion) with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

We see the words “a portion” in italics, which means these words were not in the Hebrew text, but these words are a suggestion by the translators. Thus we should try to understand this verse without the words “a portion”, for God does not need man’s help in making Himself understood. Obviously we then cannot accept the sentence: “Therefore will I divide him with the great”, for Christ cannot be divided. When we dig into the Hebrew text we find that it literally says, I Will Divide to Him With the Many. The word “many” is the same word “many” that we found in the previous verse, “by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many”. That word “many” is Strong’s Concordance number 7227, and the context dictates that it should not be translated “great”, but should be translated “many”, just like in the previous verse. And the word “with” is really there. Without the word “with” this verse would be easier to understand, but the word “with” is really there. But then, what is the meaning of “I Will Divide to Him With the Many”? Who is speaking? God is speaking, after the crucifixion and the resurrection; after all the atonement has been completed. What is God giving Christ? According to Matt 28:18 God is giving Christ all authority in heaven and on earth. In other words, God is giving Christ the entire universe, including all of heaven itself. This is a gift to Christ alone, and not shared with anyone else. There is nothing left to share with someone else. Paraphrased God says in verse 12, “I will give to Christ”, or “I will give to Him-who-is-with-the-many”. Why is the Lord Jesus Christ indicated as Him-who-is-with-the-many? To see this we have to go to the NT, to the Epistle to the Ephesians. Put a sticker here in Isa 53 and please turn in your Bibles to the Epistle to the Ephesians, Eph 1:3 (2X). We have here a section in the Bible that is most hated by all the churches who embrace a free-will gospel, which is a self-help gospel, or we call it an Arminian gospel. It is an accursed gospel, for it is a gospel which violates at least 80% of the Bible, but it is the most popular gospel, for it leaves man with a degree of self-respect. We read in Eph 1:3-6,

Eph 1:3-6 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

This passage tells us that God the Father has a chosen people, His elect, who were chosen and placed in Christ, which means in God the Son, before the foundation of the world, and who were accepted by God as His children because they were in Christ. In Rom 9 God says that these elect were chosen out of all nations of the world, out of the Jews as well as out of the Gentile nations. Rom 9:23-24,

Ro 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?

Thus the elect are a remnant from every nation of the world. The Bible tells us in Rom 6 that we were in Christ, not only from before the foundation of the world, but we were in Christ when He was crucified, we were in Christ when He died, we were in Christ when He was buried, and we were in Christ when He rose victoriously from the tomb. That is why the Lord Jesus Christ is identified as “Him-who-is-with-the-many”. When we discover that we have been saved, that we have been born from above, then we know that we belong to the many who were in Christ from before the foundation of the world, and we still are in Christ at the present time as well as in the future, unto all eternity. We cannot loose our salvation, for no one can remove us out of Christ. Please turn again to the Prophecy of Isaiah, Isa 53:12 (2X).

  • He Shall Divide the Spoil With the Strong (Isa 53:12, Col 2:14-15)

Isa 53:12, Therefore will I divide him (a portion) with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

After His resurrection, after Christ has gloriously triumphed over His enemies, He shall divide the spoils of war with the many who were and are in Him. What is this war this sentence is talking about? Christ and all those who are with Him are in a spiritual warfare. At the cross it was a war against sin and the Devil who desired to keep us under the law so that we will be condemned. This battle was decisive, and Christ was the victor. God says in Col 2:14-15,

Col 2:14-15  Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

But the spoils of this war belonged entirely to Christ. When we speak of the spoils of war by Christ and His army, we must realize what those spoils of war are. If these spoils of war are entirely spiritual, they belong to the bliss of salvation, and since the gift of salvation is entirely by grace it is the same for everyone who will be saved. There is nothing that will be redistributed after we have gone into the NH&NE. But if there are spoils of war on this earth, then these trophies are for this life only. For example after Christ rose from the grave and the Holy Spirit was poured out on Pentecost, the Gospel spread through the Roman Empire. There was much persecution, and many saints died in this battle that raged for almost 200 years. But then in 313 AD the Roman Empire lost the battle, and Christ and His church were the victors. What were the spoils of war? The entire wealth and power of the Roman Empire was now available to the church, and the church used this power to bring the Gospel to the farthest reaches of the Roman Empire, including Great Britain. And today we are still reaping the benefits of that victory. And so, we should keep in mind that the spoils of a war are for this life only. And so, when we read in Isa 53:12, “and he shall divide the spoil with the strong”, we realize that we are the strong. The saints are the strong, because the saints are the ones who are victorious. We may think that we are weak, but God sees us in battle against sin and Satan, and with the help of His Holy Spirit we are the strong ones. If we are able to fight against the Devil and against his temptations, then it means that we are strong. Let us now move on to the next item in this verse.

#2.       Because He Poured Out His Soul Unto Death (Isa 53:12, Luke 3:16, 12:50)

Isa 53:12, Therefore will I divide him (a portion) with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

The spoils of war belong to Christ; He is the primary victor, because He has poured out His soul unto death. He owns us, and thus whatever we do goes to His honor and glory. When has Christ poured out His soul unto death? It was when He purchased us on the cross. What kind of death was this that brought Him so much honor and glory? Did every drop of blood that He shed buy the souls of 1000 saints who have committed one million or more sins in their life? Was this a payment that was equivalent to the payment that they would have to pay for all their sins? Was Christ scared to death about dying on the cross when He prayed to the Father in the Garden of Gethsemane with loud crying and tears? And so, we see that the physical bleeding and death of Christ make it appear as if Christ paid only a token of the full price that was required to satisfy the righteousness of God. Please turn in your Bibles to the Gospel According to Luke, Luke 3:16 (2X). God placed this statement from John the Baptist in the Bible to teach us something about the atonement of Christ. When John spoke about: “the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose” John expressed how much greater than John was Christ. It was only an expression of humiliation. We read in Luke 3:16,

Lu 3:16  John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:

What does it mean that Christ shall baptize us with fire? First we have to understand that the verb “to baptize” does not mean “to dip” but “to wash”. The meaning of Christ baptizing us with fire is that Christ shall wash us with fire. For example, when we turn in this Gospel of Luke to Luke 12:50 (2X), we can read that the Lord Jesus spoke of this manner of washing. We read in Luke 12:50,

Lu 12:50  But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!

What baptism is the Lord Jesus speaking about? He spoke about being crucified, and that this was a washing, particularly it was a washing of sins, and that He was looking forward to accomplishing it. And what fire is Luke 3:16 referring to? When we need a spiritual meaning, fire most often refers to the fires of Hell. Christ spoke of enduring the equivalent of an eternity in Hell when He hung on the cross, and since we were in Christ we were washed from our sins when Christ was washed from our sins. This was the meaning of Christ baptizing us with fire. This was the kind of death that Christ had to endure, for only a payment that was equivalent to the payment that we needed to make was good enough to satisfy the righteousness of God. Therefore, when we read in Isa 53:12, “because he hath poured out his soul unto death” it means that Christ endured the second death on our behalf, in our place. This is what He had to do to purchase “the many”, and to turn us from weaklings into “the strong”. Then we read in Isa 53:12,

  • He Was Numbered With the Transgressors (Isa 53:12, Mark 15:27-28)

Why was Christ numbered with the transgressors? Why was He counted among the criminals? Please turn in your Bibles to the Gospel According to Mark, Mark 15:27 (2X). We have here a passage describing the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus. It was the third hour when they crucified Jesus, which means that He was crucified at about 9 O’clock in the morning. They nailed His accusation over His head, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews”. And then we read in Mark 15:27-28,

Mr 15:27  And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.

Mr 15:28  And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

Scripture was fulfilled when Christ was crucified in the midst of the two thieves. The two thieves represent all the people in the church of Christ, for the number two identifies with the church. One of the two thieves was saved, and the other remained unsaved. One part of the church consists of saved people, and the other part consists of unsaved people. I am not speaking of churches that have gone apostate, for they have removed themselves into the realm of the heathen. But this is the situation in churches that have remained faithful to the Bible. There is always a fraction of unsaved people in the churches. And when we examine ourselves, let us be honest, for it is better if we discover now that we are not saved, rather than discover it later when Christ has come for the second time.

But we can say more about this fact that Christ was reckoned, or numbered, with the transgressors. When the Lord Jesus offered Himself to pay for our sins, He became like one of us. We are those transgressors. And although He looked like one of us, having a load of sins to pay, He was different. Christ, the judge, pronounced the penalty for the sins of all His elect, a penalty that would satisfy the righteousness of God. Then He came from behind the judge’s bench and paid the penalty that He had stated. In doing so, He was not defiled by our sins, for He was the spotless Lamb of God, who must remain undefiled by sin, for that was required if He would be our Redeemer. Our sins were not on Him, but our sins were imputed to His account. Therefore, He did not pay the penalty in the place of us, but on behalf of us, for only then would He remain unspotted by our sins. As the precious Lamb of God He must remain holy and undefiled. And as He moved among us He looked like a transgressor but He did not become a transgressor; only He bore the sin of the many who are His elect.

#3.       He Bare the Sin of Many (Isa 53:12,4)

Isa 53:12, Therefore will I divide him (a portion) with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

The word “many” is again the same word #7227 that we have seen in the beginning of this verse, and in the preceding verse, Isa 53:11. These are the many who are of God’s elect. These are the many whose sins were carried by the Lord Jesus Christ. There are no others whose sins Christ carried. And thus, Christ paid only for the sins of God’s elect, and for no one else. No one else is going to be saved from his adamant unbelief. No one else is going to believe the message that God has an elect people from before the foundation of the world, and that Christ is going to save every one of them. Not one will be added, and not one will be forgotten. That is the sovereignty of God.

And when we look at the word “bare”, or “bore” in the past tense, we find that it is the word NASA. Just like the space agency of the same name, this Hebrew word means “to lift up”, or “to lift off”, or “to bear up”, or “to take away”. We have seen the same word in verse 4, where we read, Isa 53:4 (2X),

Isa 53:4  Surely he hath borne (NASA) our griefs, and carried our sorrows.

Where the word “griefs” refers to sicknesses. This verse actually explains what the Savior is doing when He bare our sins. It cannot mean that Christ literally took those sicknesses upon Himself and became sick in the place of the sick, became a leper in the place of a leper, or was Himself possessed with an evil spirit in the place of those who were possessed. But it must mean that He took them away by His power, and as it were lifted them up (NASA) and removed them. And so, when we read in Isa 53:12 that “He bare the sins of many” it cannot mean literally that He took those sins on Himself in any such sense that He became a sinner, but only that He so took them up and away so as to remove from the sinner the exposure to punishment, and to bear Himself the proper payment for those sins, the equivalent of an eternity in Hell. And Christ had to do this in the human nature of His being, for since man sinned, only man can pay for those sins. And then we read in Isa 53:12,

  • He Interceded for Transgressors (Isa 53:12, 2Pet 1:21, 2Thess 1:8)

Isa 53:12, Therefore will I divide him (a portion) with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Christ made intercession for the transgressors whom He came to save, and not for anyone else. It does not mean that He just prayed for them, but rather it refers to the whole work of intercession, in which the Redeemer, as High Priest, presents the merit of His atoning sacrifice before God’s throne of mercy and pleads for them. This is the closing part of His work in behalf of His people. All His work of humiliation, and all His toils and sufferings, and all the merits of His intercession became necessary in order to achieve His victory and to the spread of the Gospel. And thus the many became His army with which Christ is going to conquer the world. This is the closing part of His work. All His future conquests and triumphs will be as consequences of what He has already done here at the cross.

And they who are not saved, after He poured out His soul unto death, and bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors, will not be saved at all. There will be no more sacrifice for sin, and there will be no other advocate or intercessor, for Christ is the only one.

This puts a great responsibility on everyone in the world. Many millions of Bibles have been printed, for throughout the past four hundred years the Bible has been the bestseller by far, leaving the other so called bestsellers in the dust. Many millions of people have read it. And yet, the true Gospel is presently not believed by many millions in the world. God has told all mankind in 2Pet 1:21,

2Pe 1:21  For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Which tells the world that these words were not spoken by 40 men, but that these words were spoken by God, and that the Bible is not a collection of 66 books, but the Bible is one Book. And when we read Isa 53 we are surprised by the amount of detail that was prophesied, and was fulfilled. And yet, when we preach the true Gospel as it is presented in the Bible, very few people will want to hear it. During the Reformation people were hungry for the Word of God. Today, churches are closing, and people show more interest in sports than in the Bible. We cannot help but think of the words of 2Thess 1

2Th 1:8  In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

Today people are not interested to know God. But when Christ comes again He will be taking vengeance on them that know not God. May it be that we all may take up an interest to know God, and that we may remain faithful to the Bible in the Gospel that we hold.

AMEN.                 Let us turn to the Lord in prayer.