Psalm 23,              Study 

1 ¶  A Psalm of David. The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

2  He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

3  He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.

4  Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

5  Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

6  Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

 

Word studies:

A. the shadow of death <06757>

Job 3:5  Let darkness and the shadow of death <06757> stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 10:21  Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death <06757>;

Job 10:22  A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death <06757>, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.

Job 12:22  He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death <06757>.

Job 16:16  My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death <06757>;

Job 24:17  For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death <06757>: if one know them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death <06757>.

Job 28:3  He setteth an end to darkness, and searcheth out all perfection: the stones of darkness, and the shadow of death <06757>.

Job 34:22  There is no darkness, nor shadow of death <06757>, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Job 38:17  Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death <06757>?

Ps 23:4  Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death <06757>, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

Ps 44:19  Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death <06757>.

Ps 107:10 ¶ Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death <06757>, being bound in affliction and iron;

Ps 107:14  He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death <06757>, and brake their bands in sunder.

Isa 9:2  The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death <06757>, upon them hath the light shined.

Jer 2:6  Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death <06757>, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?

Jer 13:16  Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death <06757>, and make it gross darkness.

Am 5:8  Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death <06757> into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name:

 

B. thy staff <04938>

Ex 21:19  If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff <04938>, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

Nu 21:18  The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people digged it, by the direction of the lawgiver, with their staves <04938>. And from the wilderness they went to Mattanah:

Jud 6:21  Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff <04938> that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.

2Ki 4:29  Then he said to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff <04938> in thine hand, and go thy way: if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again: and lay my staff <04938> upon the face of the child.

2Ki 4:31  And Gehazi passed on before them, and laid the staff <04938> upon the face of the child; but there was neither voice, nor hearing. Wherefore he went again to meet him, and told him, saying, The child is not awaked.

2Ki 18:21  Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff <04938> of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.

Ps 23:4  Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff <04938> they comfort me.

Isa 3:1 ¶ For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff <04938>, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,

Isa 36:6  Lo, thou trustest in the staff <04938> of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him.

Eze 29:6  And all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I am the LORD, because they have been a staff <04938> of reed to the house of Israel.

Zec 8:4  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; There shall yet old men and old women dwell in the streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff <04938> in his hand for very age.

 

C.   a table <07979> = Table for the Shewbread, a King’s table à The Lord’s Table à The Wedding

Ex 25:23 ¶ Thou shalt also make a table <07979> of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Ex 25:27  Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table <07979>.

Ex 25:28  And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table <07979> may be borne with them.

Ex 25:30  And thou shalt set upon the table <07979> shewbread before me alway.

Ex 26:35  And thou shalt set the table <07979> without the vail, and the candlestick over against the table <07979> on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and thou shalt put the table <07979> on the north side.

Ex 30:27  And the table <07979> and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense,

Ex 31:8  And the table <07979> and his furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,

Ex 35:13  The table <07979>, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread,

Ex 37:10 ¶ And he made the table <07979> of shittim wood: two cubits was the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof:

Ex 37:14  Over against the border were the rings, the places for the staves to bear the table <07979>.

Ex 37:15  And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold, to bear the table <07979>.

Ex 37:16  And he made the vessels which were upon the table <07979>, his dishes, and his spoons, and his bowls, and his covers to cover withal, of pure gold.

Ex 39:36  The table <07979>, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread,

Ex 40:4  And thou shalt bring in the table <07979>, and set in order the things that are to be set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick, and light the lamps thereof.

Ex 40:22  And he put the table <07979> in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail.

Ex 40:24  And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table <07979>, on the side of the tabernacle southward.

Le 24:6  And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table <07979> before the LORD.

Nu 3:31  And their charge shall be the ark, and the table <07979>, and the candlestick, and the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith they minister, and the hanging, and all the service thereof.

Nu 4:7  And upon the table <07979> of shewbread they shall spread a cloth of blue, and put thereon the dishes, and the spoons, and the bowls, and covers to cover withal: and the continual bread shall be thereon:

Jud 1:7  And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table <07979>: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.

1Sa 20:29  And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table <07979>.

1Sa 20:34  So Jonathan arose from the table <07979> in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

2Sa 9:7  And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table <07979> continually.

2Sa 9:10  Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that thy master's son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat bread alway at my table <07979>. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.

2Sa 9:11  Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table <07979>, as one of the king's sons.

2Sa 9:13  So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king's table <07979>; and was lame on both his feet.

2Sa 19:28  For all of my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table <07979>. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?

1Ki 2:7  But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table <07979>: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom thy brother.

1Ki 4:27  And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon's table <07979>, every man in his month: they lacked nothing.

1Ki 7:48 ¶ And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained unto the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table <07979> of gold, whereupon the shewbread was,

 

D.  thou anointest <01878> (8765) = grow fat, become fat, become prosperous, anoint à Blessed ?

Ex 27:3  And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes <01878>, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.

Nu 4:13  And they shall take away the ashes <01878> from the altar, and spread a purple cloth thereon:

De 31:20  For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat <01878>; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant.

Ps 20:3  Remember all thy offerings, and accept <01878> thy burnt sacrifice; Selah.

Ps 23:5  Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest <01878> my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

Pr 11:25 ¶ The liberal soul shall be made fat <01878>: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.

Pr 13:4 ¶ The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat <01878>.

Pr 15:30 ¶ The light of the eyes rejoiceth the heart: and a good report maketh <01878> the bones fat <01878>.

Pr 28:25 ¶ He that is of a proud heart stirreth up strife: but he that putteth his trust in the LORD shall be made fat <01878>.

Isa 34:6  The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat <01878> with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.

Isa 34:7  And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat <01878> with fatness.

 

E. runneth over <07310>

Ps 23:5  Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over <07310>.

Ps 66:12  Thou hast caused men to ride over our heads; we went through fire and through water: but thou broughtest us out into a wealthy <07310> place.

 

F. for ever <0753> <03117>

Lit: “for the length of days”.

That means: all the days from now on, and it includes the Last Day that will last for an eternity.

 

 

Cross References: 

Verse 1 

Ps 79:13  So we thy people and sheep of thy pasture will give thee thanks for ever: we will shew forth thy praise to all generations.

Ps 80:1 ¶ <<To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of Asaph.>> Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.

Isa 40:11  He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.

Jer 23:3  And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.

Jer 23:4  And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD.

Eze 34:11  For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out.

Eze 34:12  As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day.

Eze 34:23  And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.

Eze 34:24  And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it.

Mic 5:2  But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

Mic 5:4  And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.

Joh 10:11  I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

Joh 10:14  I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

Joh 10:27  My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

Joh 10:28  And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

Joh 10:29  My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.

Joh 10:30  I and my Father are one.

Heb 13:20  Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,

1Pe 2:25  For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

1Pe 5:4  And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

Re 7:17  For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

Ps 34:9  O fear the LORD, ye his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.

Ps 34:10  The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good thing.

Ps 84:11  For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.

Mt 6:33  But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

Lu 12:30  For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.

Lu 12:31  But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.

Lu 12:32  Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

Ro 8:32  He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

Php 4:19  But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.

 

Verse 2 

Isa 30:23  Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.

Eze 34:13  And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.

Eze 34:14  I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.

Ps 46:4  There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.

Isa 49:9  That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places.

Isa 49:10  They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.

Re 7:17  For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

Re 21:6  And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Re 22:1 ¶ And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Re 22:17  And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

Job 34:29  When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:

Isa 8:6  Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;

 

Verse 3 

Ps 19:7 ¶ The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Ps 51:10  Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

Ps 51:12  Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.

Ps 85:4  Turn us, O God of our salvation, and cause thine anger toward us to cease.

Ps 85:5  Wilt thou be angry with us for ever? wilt thou draw out thine anger to all generations?

Ps 85:6  Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee?

Ps 85:7  Shew us thy mercy, O LORD, and grant us thy salvation.

Ps 119:176 ¶ I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget thy commandments.

Job 33:30  To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.

Jer 32:37  Behold, I will gather them out of all countries, whither I have driven them in mine anger, and in my fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring them again unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely:

Jer 32:38  And they shall be my people, and I will be their God:

Jer 32:39  And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them:

Jer 32:40  And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.

Jer 32:41  Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this land assuredly with my whole heart and with my whole soul.

Jer 32:42  For thus saith the LORD; Like as I have brought all this great evil upon this people, so will I bring upon them all the good that I have promised them.

Ho 14:4 ¶ I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.

Ho 14:5  I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.

Ho 14:6  His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his smell as Lebanon.

Ho 14:7  They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon.

Ho 14:8 ¶ Ephraim shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard him, and observed him: I am like a green fir tree. From me is thy fruit found.

Ho 14:9  Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD are right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.

Mic 7:8  Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD shall be a light unto me.

Mic 7:9  I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me: he will bring me forth to the light, and I shall behold his righteousness.

Mic 7:18  Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy.

Mic 7:19  He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.

Lu 22:31  And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

Lu 22:32  But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.

Re 3:19  As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

Ps 5:8  Lead me, O LORD, in thy righteousness because of mine enemies; make thy way straight before my face.

Ps 34:3  O magnify the LORD with me, and let us exalt his name together.

 

Verse 4 

Ps 44:19  Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.

Job 3:5  Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 10:21  Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

Job 10:22  A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.

Job 24:17  For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death.

Jer 2:6  Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?

Lu 1:79  To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Ps 3:6  I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about.

Ps 27:1 ¶ <<A Psalm of David.>> The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

Ps 27:2  When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.

Ps 27:3  Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.

Ps 27:4  One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to enquire in his temple.

Ps 46:1 ¶ <<To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.>> God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

Ps 46:2  Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;

Ps 46:3  Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah.

Ps 118:6  The LORD is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?

Ps 138:7  Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me.

Isa 41:10 ¶ Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.

1Co 15:55  O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

1Co 15:56  The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

1Co 15:57  But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Ps 14:5  There were they in great fear: for God is in the generation of the righteous.

Ps 46:11  The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.

Isa 8:9 ¶ Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.

Isa 8:10  Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.

Isa 43:1 ¶ But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.

Isa 43:2  When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.

Zec 8:23  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.

Mt 1:23  Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Mt 28:20  Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

 

Verse 5 

Ps 22:26  The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.

Ps 22:29  All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

Ps 31:19 ¶ Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; which thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men!

Ps 31:20  Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.

Ps 104:15  And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

Job 36:16  Even so would he have removed thee out of the strait into a broad place, where there is no straitness; and that which should be set on thy table should be full of fatness.

Isa 25:6 ¶ And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.

Joh 6:53  Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.

Joh 6:54  Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.

Joh 6:55  For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.

Joh 6:56  He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.

Joh 10:9  I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

Joh 10:10  The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

Joh 16:22  And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you.

Ps 45:7  Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Ps 92:10  But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.

Am 6:6  That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.

Mt 6:17  But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face;

2Co 1:21  Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God;

1Jo 2:20 ¶ But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.

1Jo 2:27  But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

Ps 16:5  The LORD is the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot.

Ps 116:13  I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD.

1Co 10:16  The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

Eph 3:20  Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us,

 

Verse 6 

Ps 30:11  Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;

Ps 30:12  To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

Ps 36:7  How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.

Ps 36:8  They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.

Ps 36:9  For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.

Ps 36:10  O continue thy lovingkindness unto them that know thee; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart.

Ps 103:17  But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;

2Co 1:10  Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver us;

2Ti 4:18  And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

Ps 16:11  Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.

Ps 17:15  As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.

Ps 73:24  Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory.

Ps 73:25  Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee.

Ps 73:26  My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.

2Co 5:1 ¶ For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

Php 1:23  For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:

Ps 21:4  He asked life of thee, and thou gavest it him, even length of days for ever and ever.

 

 

 

Structure of this Psalm:

1.         My present condition:

1A.  Who is the Shepherd ?

The LORD,                Ex 20:1          I AM the One who brought you out of bondage

Jehovah,                   Isa 43:11       I AM Jehovah, and beside Me there is no Savior

Savior,                        Isa 43:11        The name Jehovah is intimately associated with salvation

Jesus,                                    John 14:6     I AM the Way … no man cometh unto the Father but by Me

I AM,                           John 14:6      I AM the Bread of life, the Light of the world, the door, the good                                                        Shepherd, the Resurrection and the Life, the Way the Truth and the Life.

 

1B.  Who are the sheep ?

my Shepherd                  Ezek 34:15          I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down

My shepherd                   John 10:27         My sheep hear My voice, and I know them

I am His sheep               John 10:27          And they follow Me

The Good Shepherd     John 10:11,14    I Am the Good Shepherd

He bought me back       Matt 20:28           The Son of Man … to give His life a ransom for many

 

1C. 

I shall not want                     John 10:28   I give unto them eternal life

I shall lack nothing              Rom 8:32      He that spared not His own Son … how shall He not with                                                                              Him also freely give us all things

 

2.         This is how the Shepherd gathers His sheep:  (This is how I became saved)

2A.  He maketh me to lie down in green pastures

            How did this happen to me, a rebellious sinner ?

            He brought a calamity à He took me out of Satan’s kingdom à into His Kingdom (Col 1:13)

            He gave me peace à He gave me to eat the Word of God

 

2B.  He leadeth me beside the still waters

            The water of the Gospel (John 4:10)

            “still waters” = Lit: “Restful waters”

            Come unto Me……… and I will give you Rest (Matt 11:28)

 

2C.  He restoreth my soul

            Gave me a New Soul that has the Righteousness of God (Rom 3:22)

            He made me Born Again,  Born of God (John 3)

            He made me into a New Creation (II Cor 5:17)

 

2D.  He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness

            Spend time in the Word of God (Psalm 19:7)

            He gave my life a New Direction: focus not on things, but on people (Prov 11:30)

            The New Boss gave me a blank cheque

 

2E.  He does that for His name's sake

            He took the initiative, He gets all the credit, and He will complete it until the Day (Phil 1:6)

            He did it all for the glory of God; He was our forerunner

            Therefore, whatever we do, we do it unto the glory of God, as Christ in my place (I Cor 10:31)

 

 

3.         This is how the Shepherd tends His flock:  (Testing programs for our own benefit)

3A. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death

            The valley of the shadow of death = This world in the grip of Satan (Psa 107:8-15, 1Joh 5:19)

            No bed of roses down here; this is a sin cursed earth

            We are still in this world, surrounded by troubles

 

3B.  I will fear no evil

            I fear no evil from Satan: Why ? à for Thou art with me

            I fear no evil from Judgment Day:  Why ? à for Thou art with me

 

3C.  for Thou art with me

            The Lord is my Helper … What can man do to me ? (Heb 13:5-6)

            If He is on my side I am in a majority

 

3D.  Thy rod comforts me

            Thy rod of correction keeps me from straying

            Foolishness needs a rod of correction (Prov 22:15)

 

3E.  Thy staff comforts me

            The staff is something we trust in, and we can lean on

            Not a man’s staff; it is the staff of God à Christ as the Word of God (Judg 6:21, Isa 3:1)

 

4.         Overflowing Blessings Now:  (I can see His hand in my life)

4A. Thou preparest a table before me

            This refers to the Table of Shewbread

            A Table in the Worship Service à The Lord’s Table

 

4B.  in the presence of mine enemies

            But let their table become a snare to them (Psalm 69:22, Rom 11:9)

 

4C.  Thou anointest my head with oil

            Only Prophets, Priests and Kings were anointed; what an honor He bestows on me.

 

4D.  my cup runneth over

            What an honor to be the King’s son

 

5.         Goodness and Mercy Forever

5A.   Surely goodness shall follow me all the days of my life

            Not my goodness, but the Goodness of God (Psalm 107:9)

 

5B.   and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life

            What is the Mercy of God ?  à  The forgiveness of all my sins through Christ’s Atonement on                                     the Cross.  Mercy = Withholding what I do deserve.

 

5C.   and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever

            I am in the Household of God, in His family

            “for ever” = Lit: “for the length of days” , all the days from now on, including the Last Day