Gen 6:2                     Sons of God and Daughters of Men                  12/03/2017            ßà   

 

 

 

 

#1.      Sons of God (Rom 8:9,14,19, Phil 2:15, 1John 3:1-2, Gal 4:5, Job 1:6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#2.      What Was God’s Role in All This? (Gen 6:2, Eph 1:3-6, Isa 46:10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

#3.      God Is not Surprised (Gen 6:4-6, Num 23:19, Mal 3:6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Please open your Bibles to the prophecy of Genesis, Gen 4:25 (2X). This is installment number 4 in the new series on Genesis. The title of this sermon is, Sons of God and Daughters of Men (2X). Today we will be looking at the beginning verses of Gen 6. But actually the narrative of Gen 6 starts in Gen 4:25. When we read Gen 5 it reads like it was an insert between Gen 4:26 and Gen 6:1. The entire genealogy from Adam to Noah was inserted in this place. And so, to set us in the proper mode of thought for Gen 6 we need to begin with the last two verses of Gen 4. Then the beginning of chapter 6 connects harmoniously to the ending of chapter 4. Let us first get an overview of:

In Gen 4 we have seen the wicked line of the descendants of Cain, and we have seen from the actions of one of Cain’s descendants by the name of Lamech that the wickedness and violence of Cain has multiplied greatly in his line of descendants. Then we also have read about the descendants of Seth, who is regarded as a replacement for Abel. We read here in Gen 4:25-26,

Ge 4:25 ¶  And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

Ge 4:26  And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.

And then we have read in chapter 5 who those men were who called upon the name of the Lord. These were the descendants of Seth, who listened to the instructions of their fathers. We read in:

Ge 6:1-2 ¶  And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,                    That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Ge 6:3 ¶  And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

Ge 6:4-5 ¶  There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.      And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Ge 6:6-8 ¶  And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.      But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.

Let us consider verses 1 and 2. Who were these “sons of God” and “daughters of men”? These days it has become popular to think of these “sons of God” as angels who have committed sexual intercourse with the daughters of men. Well, can you marry an elephant with a butterfly? Of course not. It is even too ridiculous to talk about. Nowhere in the Bible are angels called “sons of God”. Angels are spiritual beings who have been created to be “ministering spirits, who are sent forth to minister to all those who shall be heirs of salvation” (Heb 1:14). The act of sexual intercourse is something that was created only for this universe. Angels are from a different universe, and their needs and enjoyments are of a different nature altogether. And if fallen angels desire to enter a human body they just do it without any intercourse, and they do it with anyone who is still unsaved, for these are the people in the power of Satan. That is why there were so many demon possessed people at the time Jesus walked on this earth. Satan did not commit sex with Eve. He just tempted her into sin. That was something he enjoyed doing, for then he would be worshipped by man, and this is Satan’s greatest need and joy. Let us see whom the Bible describes as “sons of God”.

#1.      Sons of God (Rom 8:9,14,19, Phil 2:15, 1John 3:1-2, Gal 4:5, Job 1:6)

Please turn in your Bibles to the Epistle to the Romans, Rom 8:9 (2X). We are going to look at two verses in Rom 8 which define the expression, “sons of God”. Firstly, all those who are indwelt by God the Holy Spirit are called “sons of God”. Secondly, it is not possible to be called a Christian if we are not indwelt by God the Holy Spirit. And thus, there are not two stages in our Christianity. There is not a second blessing when we have advanced in our walk as a Christian, for God says in Rom 8:9,

Ro 8:9, Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

Let us now drop down to verse 14 where all those who have the Spirit of God that dwells within them are also led by that Spirit, and are called “sons of God”.

Ro 8:14  For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

Moreover, all who will be resurrected on the Last Day with a glorified body are called sons of God.

Ro 8:19  For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.

Please turn now to the Epistle to the Philippians, Phil 2:15 (2X). You find Phil after Ephesians. The sequence is Rom, 1st and 2Cor, Gal, Eph, and then Philippians. In this passage God describes His children as those where God works within them both to will and to do of His good pleasure. Then V15

Php 2:15  That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;

Please turn now to the First Epistle of John, way in the back of your Bibles, 1John 3:1 (2X). And so, we have already seen three verses where the “sons of God” are specified as those who have become saved. The term “sons of God” is not reserved for some unknown ethereal being. The saints are called “sons of God”. This will be confirmed in the following two verses from 1John 3.

1Jo 3:1  Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

1Jo 3:2  Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

There are many more verses in the NT where the saints are called “sons of God” without actually

using this expression. For example, God says in Gal 4:5, “To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons”. And so, we understand that all saints are “sons of God”.

Let us now apply in the OT what we have found in the NT. The Old is in the New revealed, and the New is in the Old concealed. Please turn in your Bibles to the prophecy of Job, Job 1:6 (2X). You find Job just before the Psalms. The prophecy of Job is perhaps the oldest manuscript in the Bible. Job was a contemporary of Abraham, which explains why Job lived so long. And thus this manuscript was written long before God dictated to Moses the prophecy of Genesis. We read in Job 1:6,

Job 1:6  Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

We have here a scene in heaven where the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD. These were not angels. Angels are never called “sons of God” in the Bible. Where did these “sons of God” come from? We need to keep in mind the principle that God has set forth in 2Cor 5:8. Please turn in your Bibles to the Second Epistle to the Corinthians, 2Cor 5:8 (2X). In this passage of 2Cor God states in verse 1 the principle that “when our earthly house is dissolved, we have a building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens”. And God continues on this theme even until verse 8, where God says: “We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord”. In other words, when a saint dies his body goes into the grave but his soul goes immediately to be with Christ in heaven. This is the principle that we always must keep in mind, for we walk by faith. And thus, before Job came into being many thousands of years have passed and many saints have died and were present, in their soul existence, with the Lord in heaven. This scene is repeated in Job 2:1, where we read again of a gathering of saints in heaven.

Job 2:1  Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.

Was Satan in heaven at that time? O Yes! Satan could point to all these human spirits in heaven whose sins still have not yet been atoned for, and Satan could say, “If they are in heaven, why can I not be in heaven also?” It was only at the time of the cross that all the sins of all the OT saints have been washed away, and then Satan was cast out of heaven because he did not fit in there any more.

O what a glorious concept it is that we are called “sons of God”. We are adopted sons of God, for God has only one Son, and that is the Lord Jesus Christ. But Christ takes us up into heaven as His Bride. Therefore we are adopted as children of God, because we are the Bride of Christ. We would already be very happy if God would leave us on this earth, instead of casting us in Hell for our sins. But if Christ has suffered and died to atone for our sins, then the mercy of God dictates that we will no longer be subject to Hell. We would already be extremely happy if God would take us up into heaven to be lower than the angels, instead of leaving us on this earth. But if Christ has prayed for us, then the grace of God dictates that He would take us up into heaven where Christ is, for this is what He promised in 2Cor 5:8. And we would be super extremely happy if God would take us to be higher than the angels and make us members of His court, for He promised us that we would be His sons and daughters. God says in 2Cor 6:18, “And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty”. But our blessings do not stop there, for God is going to provide for us something that is even more wonderful that the present heaven. God is going to replace the present heaven by the NH&NE, which will be so incredibly glorious that we have no words for it. So great is God’s love for us that He will do this for us also. Please let us now read in 2Cor 6:14 (2X).

Perhaps you remember what we have read in Gen 6:2. There we have read:

Gen 6:2, The ssons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Who were these sons of God and who were these daughters of men? When we see this verse in its context, we recognize that God first listed the line of the evil descendants of Cain, and then God listed the line of the descendants of Seth. If we need to make a decision, then certainly not the line of descendants of Cain, but the line of descendants of Seth would be called the sons of God, for God says of them in Gen 4:26, “Then began men to call upon the Name of the Lord”. And so we see that the line of Seth is characterized by God fearing people. The line of Seth brought forth giants of the faith, such as Enoch and Noah. Then the daughters of men would be women from the line of Cain. Thus the meaning of this verse is that the descendants from Seth gradually relaxed their principles and practices whereby they had kept themselves separate from the descendants of Cain. They were beginning to mingle with the other group. And we can understand this very well, for we also have this same phenomenon going on today. People are saying, “All men are created equal. If God created them as well as us, is God not the Father of them also? If God loves the world, does God not love all mankind with an equal love? They cannot help it that their forefather murdered Abel. That is now for thousands of years in the past. God said, “The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father” (Ezek 18:20). If we must love our enemies, then certainly we must love also them who are descendants of Cain”. And so, people are rationalizing that it is OK to choose a mate from another religion, for we are to love them also. We have the same things go on today. But in God’s eyes it is a grievous sin. God stated in 2Cor 6:14,

2Co 6:14-15  Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?      And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?

2Co 6:16    And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they

shall be my people.

2Co 6:17-18  Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you,                        And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

Does God want us to be separate from unbelievers? Absolutely Yes! We cannot be separate from them in an absolute sense, for then we have no more witness. But we need to keep in mind that we are not one of them. We are not to be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. We may not form marriages with them. In our business world we may not form alliances with them as if unbelievers are glad to do us favors. They will not do us favors, for they are in the army of the Devil, and he will see to it that we will be hurt. Watch out, for the sin of becoming unequally yoked is very easy to fall into.

Please turn again to the prophecy of Genesis, Gen 6:2 (2X). We read there about:

#2.      What Was God’s Role in All This? (Gen 6:2, Eph 1:3-6, Isa 46:10)

This sin of becoming unequally yoked was so grievous that God brought on a flood which wiped away almost all of mankind. What was God’s role in the development of all this wickedness? Did God not respond in an angry way and wipe all these sinners from off this world with a flood? Was God surprised by the sins of mankind? Let us carefully read Gen 6:2 again. God says there,

Gen 6:2, The ssons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Actually the word “fair” is not an accurate translation. The Hebrew word is not “fair” but it is “good”. This is an important difference, because the word “good” indicates God’s handiwork in the generation of these daughters of men. For example we read repeatedly in Gen 1 that God saw everything that He has made, and behold it was very “good”; not perfect, but good. God did not create man perfect, but good. A perfect man would be as perfect as God Himself. A perfect man would not commit sin. But Adam was created good, which means good as far as the purpose of God is concerned. Please turn in your Bibles to the Epistle to the Ephesians, Eph 1:3 (2X). God knew that the intellect of Adam and Eve would be no match for the intellect of the angel Lucifer, and therefore God knew that first Eve and then Adam would fall for the trap that Lucifer would set before them. God was not the author of that sin. God set the stage, and God allowed Lucifer to enter that stage and tempt Adam and Eve. God did not interfere for a moment in that disastrous temptation and fall. It was a great fall for Lucifer, who became Satan, and it was also a great fall for Adam and Eve, who lost their righteousness and became sinners. All this did set the stage for God’s plan of salvation through the Lord Jesus Christ

Eph 1:3-5  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:       According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:

Eph 1:5-6 Haviing predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according

to the good pleasure of his will,          To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

God chose us, sinners, before the foundation of the world. So you see, the sin of Adam and Eve did not catch God by surprise, for their sin fit nicely into the plan of salvation that God had prepared before He created Adam and Eve. Before the foundation of the world God foresaw this disastrous event, for the sin of Adam and Eve paved the way for the Second Person of the Triune Godhead to come to earth, to redeem those of mankind whom He determined to save, by dying on a cruel cross at Calvary. That is why God created Adam and Eve “good”, and not perfect. That is why God made the daughters of men in Gen 6:2 looking “good”, and not fair or perfect, for in this way they would fit the purpose of God in bringing on the flood. O Yes! God was not surprised by this evil turn of events. God was not the author of their sins. God only set the stage, and Satan was all the more willing to tempt mankind into more sin. God says in Isa 46:10 that He is “Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure”. We must harmonize this verse with any conclusions we arrive at from Gen 6. If God is declaring the end from the beginning, then certainly God was not surprised by any sins of the people before the flood. Please turn again to the prophecy of Genesis, Gen 6:2 (2X). Some people would read into Gen 6:2 that the sin of polygamy was running wild. However, that is reading too much into this verse. God only speaks here of the sin of being unequally yoked together. This was sufficient to make all mankind depart from the living God. Today this sin is also sufficient to make all mankind depart from the living God. We do not need additional inducements to sin. This is sufficient. Think about this when you approve the dates for your children. Think about this when you are giving your daughters in marriage. Think about this when you are approving your son’s marriage to a girl from another belief system. It is the beginning of disaster. Let us now turn to the next verse.

Ge 6:3 ¶  And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

The Hebrew word for “strive” is actually the word “Judge”. God says here, “My Spirit shall not always judge mankind”. This may sound strange, for God’s Spirit is always judging man, every minute of the day, and every second of every minute, for God must record in His mind every sin that was committed, at all times and at all occasions. So, when does God’s Spirit stop judging a man? When the man dies, that is when God’s Spirit stops judging the man. And thus in this verse God states unambiguously that He will bring an end to all mankind. And when God said, “yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years”, God indicated thereby that this predicted end of mankind comes after 120 years. When was the beginning of these 120 years? Most likely God told Noah that He planned to flood the earth after 120 years, and God commanded Noah to start building an ark. Noah had 120 years to complete the ark. Most certainly God gave Noah the deadline, so that the ark was ready when the 120 years had expired, and Noah was ready for it. It did not come as a surprise to Noah.

You may have read somewhere that the name Methuselah means, “When he is dead it shall be sent”, as if the name Methuselah already gave the warning to mankind that a disaster was on the way. However, nothing of this sort is true. The name Methuselah means, “Man of the Dart”. And Methuselah did not die in the year of the flood. That is based on faulty calculations. Actually the prediction came from a different corner. Lamech, the father of Noah, died just five years before the flood. We can easily derive this from Gen 5:28-31. Please look on your left to Gen 5:28,

Ge 5:28-30  And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:         And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.      And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:

Ge 5:31  And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.

Noah was a direct son of Lamech. We can conclude this from the words in verse 29, where we read, “And he called his name”. This is a clue to a direct father and son relationship. Lamech was not a direct son of Methuselah, and thus Methuselah’s death was nowhere near the time of the flood. After Lamech begat Noah Lamech lived 595 years. Please turn to Gen 7:11 for a moment, Gen 7:11,

Ge 7:11 ¶  In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

And thus five years after Lamech died the flood of waters came upon the earth. But to Lamech was revealed that his son Noah was a special child. So special, in fact, that the words of Gen 5:29 could be almost interpreted as the Messiah who was promised in Gen 3:15. Lamech said, “This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed”. What does that mean? It almost sounds as if the curse on Adam had been reversed. Could it mean that after the flood the earth is continuing the blessing of the rain and the rainbow as tokens of God’s covenant with the seed of Noah, and God’s covenant with every living thing that came out of the ark? That is possible. But more likely it means that spiritual blessings would come through the Seed of Noah, referring to Christ, who would reverse the curse on Adam.

#3.      God Is not Surprised (Gen 6:4-6, Num 23:19, Mal 3:6)

We read in Gen 6:4, “There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that”. Why would God refer to men of high stature? What has this to do with sin, or with the Gospel? The word “giants” actually is the word “Nephilim”. Who were the Nephilim? Actually the word “Nephilim” derives from the verb “to fall” or “to fall upon”, and it is implying that these Nephilim describes a class of violent men, plundering nomads, who abused their bodily powers to plunder people, and kill. You must remember that God restrained the penalty for murder by Cain, and by any of the descendants of Cain. God showed this in Gen 4:15 and Gen 4:24. And so, violence multiplied greatly, since justice was not served. Then the words “and also (2X) after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men”, indicate that these plundering nomads were already existing before the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men. Moreover, the sin of becoming unequally yoked together was apparently rewarded by the Devil, for we read in Gen 6:4, “and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown”. These children of mixed marriages became mighty men, and powerful people in their society. And so, sin seems to be rewarded, and sin and violence multiplied greatly. And then we read in verses 5 and 6,

Ge 6:5-6  And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.          And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

Was God surprised at this development of evil? We must note that this description of God’s character is written in an anthropomorphic sense. We have here an example of “anthropomorphism”. I have written this word on the board, and I want the children to copy it so that the children will pass the spelling bee. This word is so long because it is a combination of two familiar words: Anthropos which means man or mankind, and Morph which means form or shape. For example most of us know the word “anthropology” which means the study of man. And some of us know the word “morphology” which means the study of forms and shapes. In Gen 6:6 we have here an anthropomorphism of God, which means God is described as having characteristics as if He is in the form of a man. In the absolute sense God does not repent, for we read in Num 23:19,

Nu 23:19  God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

And so, God does not change, for God says in Mal 3:6,

Mal 3:6  For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.

And so God does not change, and God is not sorry for what He has done, and God does not have a human heart, and God is not grieved at His heart because He is surprised by all this wickedness. The words in Gen 6:6 are written in this way only to make us understand God’s action of destroying the world with a flood. But God knew all along that the time would come that He would destroy the world of that day by a flood. And God knew that He would start the human race all over with Noah.

In fact, if God would not be immutable, if God would be subject to change, then our soul hangs by a thin thread over the precipice of Hell. We would never be assured of our salvation, for God could change our destiny at any moment. If God would be subject to change, then even the souls in heaven could not be safe and secure, for God could in a whim cast them out of heaven and start the human race all over with a new breed of humans. If God would be subject to change then all His promises in the Bible are worthless, for He could withdraw any of those promises.

But thank God that He does not change. Thank God that these verses like Gen 6:6 are only anthropomorphisms, for God does not repent of what He has done, and God does not withdraw any of His promises. Thank God that our salvation once purchased on the cross is absolutely secure and that we can “be confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in us will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ” (Phil 1:6). Thank God that He will surely and mightily save all of us whom “He has chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him” (Eph 1:4). Thank God that all our sins have been cast into the depths of the sea, and they will never be dug out from there, for Christ has paid the full price to leave them there.

And so, even if we see a repeat of the events described in Gen 6, and even if we see that false gospels are gaining ground, and even if we see that churches who are embracing these false gospels are apparently being rewarded for their sins, and even if we see that our children are going astray, we still cling to the one and only salvation that the Bible gives us and we should not lose heart. For if we trust the Bible, we have trusted Christ, and He will not let us down, for He promised in John 10:27-28,

Joh 10:27-28  My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:          And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

Thank God that His promises will never change because God does not change. Our God is a sovereign God who knows what He is doing, for He knows the end from the beginning.

AMEN.                 Let us turn to the Lord in prayer.